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Two-component systems are important constituents of bacterial regulatory networks. Results of this investigation into the role of the MprAB two-component system of Mycobacterium tuberculosis indicate that it is associated with the regulation of several stress-responsive regulons. Using a deletion mutant lacking portions of the response regulator, MprA, and(More)
Smoking is associated with increased susceptibility to tuberculosis and influenza. However, little information is available on the mechanisms underlying this increased susceptibility. Mice were left unexposed or were exposed to cigarette smoke and then infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis by aerosol or influenza A by intranasal infection. Some mice were(More)
Early secreted antigenic target of 6 kDa (ESAT-6) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is critical for the virulence and pathogenicity of M. tuberculosis. IL-8, a major chemotactic cytokine for neutrophils and T lymphocytes, plays important roles in the development of lung injury. To further understand the role of ESAT-6 in lung pathology associated with(More)
The mobile insertion sequence, IS6110, is an important marker in tracking of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains. Here, we demonstrate that IS6110 can upregulate downstream genes through an outward-directed promoter in its 3' end, thus adding to the significance of this element. Promoter activity was orientation dependent and was localized within a 110 bp(More)
Surfactant protein A (SP-A) suppresses lymphocyte proliferation and IL-2 secretion, in part, by binding to its receptor, SP-R210. However, the mechanisms underlying this effect are not well understood. Here, we studied the effect of antibodies against the SP-A-binding (neck) domain (alpha-SP-R210n) or nonbinding C-terminal domain (alpha-SP-R210ct) of(More)
We measured serum cytokine concentrations and Mycobacterium tuberculosis-stimulated cytokine production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) obtained from persons infected with M. tuberculosis. Serum interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) concentrations were elevated in patients with tuberculosis compared with healthy persons who(More)
To determine whether the extent of spread of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains in the community correlated with their capacity to replicate in human macrophages, intracellular growth rates of M. tuberculosis patient isolates were measured. Strain 210 caused disease in 43 patients in central Los Angeles, 3 "small-cluster" strains caused disease in 8-23(More)
Immune control of Mycobacterium tuberculosis depends on interferon γ (IFN-γ)-producing CD4(+) lymphocytes. Previous studies have shown that T cells from patients with tuberculosis produce less IFN-γ, compared with healthy donors, in response to mycobacterial antigens, although IFN-γ responses to mitogens are preserved. In this work, we found that M.(More)
We used human tuberculosis as a model to investigate the role of NK cytotoxic mechanisms in the immune response to intracellular infection. Freshly isolated NK cells and NK cell lines from healthy donors lysed Mycobacterium tuberculosis-infected monocytes to a greater extent than uninfected monocytes. Lysis of infected monocytes was associated with(More)
We studied the role of NK cells in regulating human CD8+ T cell effector function against mononuclear phagocytes infected with the intracellular pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Depletion of NK cells from PBMC of healthy tuberculin reactors reduced the frequency of M. tuberculosis-responsive CD8+IFN-gamma+ cells and decreased their capacity to lyse M.(More)