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We used human tuberculosis as a model to investigate the role of NK cytotoxic mechanisms in the immune response to intracellular infection. Freshly isolated NK cells and NK cell lines from healthy donors lysed Mycobacterium tuberculosis-infected monocytes to a greater extent than uninfected monocytes. Lysis of infected monocytes was associated with(More)
We studied the role of NK cells in regulating human CD8+ T cell effector function against mononuclear phagocytes infected with the intracellular pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Depletion of NK cells from PBMC of healthy tuberculin reactors reduced the frequency of M. tuberculosis-responsive CD8+IFN-gamma+ cells and decreased their capacity to lyse M.(More)
Immune control of Mycobacterium tuberculosis depends on interferon γ (IFN-γ)-producing CD4(+) lymphocytes. Previous studies have shown that T cells from patients with tuberculosis produce less IFN-γ, compared with healthy donors, in response to mycobacterial antigens, although IFN-γ responses to mitogens are preserved. In this work, we found that M.(More)
Protein tyrosine phosphorylation is a fundamental mechanism for diverse physiological processes, which is regulated by protein tyrosine kinases and protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs). In this study, we searched for protein substrates of PTP-MEG2 (also called PTPN9), a nonreceptor PTP, and investigated its function in endothelial cells (ECs). By using a(More)
We measured serum cytokine concentrations and Mycobacterium tuberculosis-stimulated cytokine production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) obtained from persons infected with M. tuberculosis. Serum interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) concentrations were elevated in patients with tuberculosis compared with healthy persons who(More)
IFN-gamma is essential for resistance to many intracellular pathogens, including Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Transcription of the IFN-gamma gene in activated T cells is controlled by the proximal promoter element (-73 to -48 bp). CREB binds to the IFN-gamma proximal promoter, and binding is enhanced by phosphorylation of CREB. Studies in human T cell lines(More)
Smoking is associated with increased susceptibility to tuberculosis and influenza. However, little information is available on the mechanisms underlying this increased susceptibility. Mice were left unexposed or were exposed to cigarette smoke and then infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis by aerosol or influenza A by intranasal infection. Some mice were(More)
To determine whether the extent of spread of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains in the community correlated with their capacity to replicate in human macrophages, intracellular growth rates of M. tuberculosis patient isolates were measured. Strain 210 caused disease in 43 patients in central Los Angeles, 3 "small-cluster" strains caused disease in 8-23(More)
The Mycobacterium tuberculosis early secreted Ag of 6 kDa (ESAT-6) is a potent Ag for human T cells and is a putative vaccine candidate. However, ESAT-6 also contributes to virulence in animal models, mediates cellular cytolysis, and inhibits IL-12 production by mononuclear phagocytes. We evaluated the effects of ESAT-6 and its molecular chaperone, culture(More)
Early secreted antigenic target of 6 kDa (ESAT-6) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a T cell Ag that is a potential vaccine candidate, but it is also a virulence factor that mediates pathogenicity. To better understand the effects of ESAT-6 on the immune response, we studied the effect of ESAT-6 on human dendritic cells (DCs). Peripheral blood monocytes were(More)