Buichi Fujitani

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PURPOSE The antiepileptic effects of zonisamide (ZNS) have been well documented experimentally and clinically. The purpose of this study was to examine whether ZNS reduces cerebral damage after transient focal ischemia in rats. METHODS Ischemia was induced by a transient occlusion of the left middle cerebral artery (MCA) with a 3-0 nylon monofilament for(More)
Prolonged ischemia by bilateral carotid artery ligation in rats resulted in cerebral edema with a reduced energy state. Mitochondria isolated from the ischemic brain showed an impairment of oxidative phosphorylation. The ischemic brain was also characterized by remarkable accumulation of free fatty acids known to have properties as an uncoupling factor. The(More)
Glomerular expression of cytokines, interleukin-1 (IL-1), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), together with leukocytic infiltration, are prominent features in crescentic glomerulonephritis. Because these cytokines are targets for nuclear transcription factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), the use of NF-kappaB decoy oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) treatment was(More)
The differences among human, rabbit and guinea-pig platelet adhesiveness as for inhibitions by adenosine, dipyridamole, chlorpromazine and acetylsalicylic acid are described, and the influence of measurement conditions on platelet adhesiveness is also reported. Platelet adhesiveness of human and animal species decreased with an increase of heparin(More)
The mechanism for the inhibition of platelet functions by a prostaglandin I2 analog, OP-41483, was studied with guinea pig platelets. OP-41483, and PGI2 as well, inhibited aggregation, ADP release and thromboxane formation of platelets with IC50 values of 4.3-5.8 ng/ml and 0.6-0.9 ng/ml, respectively. The ligand binding study using [3H]-OP-41483 suggested(More)
Antiplatelet and antithrombotic effects of OP-41483, a PGl2 analog, were studied in experimental animals, and the following results were obtained: 1) With 10 min-intravenous infusion to guinea pigs, OP-41483 inhibited platelet adhesiveness and platelet aggregation at 300-1000 ng/kg/min and 1000 ng/kg/min, respectively. In these effects, OP-41483 was 1-3(More)
Cerebral energy metabolism was investigated in rats with the unilateral brain injury produced by the combination of left carotid artery ligation and systemic exposure to hypoxia. ATP and phosphocreatine levels in the left hemisphere were progressively reduced after the hypoxic-ischemic insult. The reduction of high-energy phosphate levels was accompained by(More)
AS-3201 [(3R)-2'-(4-bromo-2-fluorobenzyl)spiro[pyrrolidine-3,4'(1'H)-pyrrolo[1,2-a]pyrazine]-1',2,3',5(2'H)-tetrone] is a structurally novel and stereospecifically potent aldose reductase (AKR1B; EC 1.1.1.21) inhibitor, which contains a succinimide ring that undergoes ring-opening at physiological pH levels. To delineate intermolecular interactions(More)
The effects of OP-41483.alpha-CD, 5(E)-6,9-deoxa-6,9 alpha-methylene-15-cyclopentyl-16,17,18,19,20-pentanor prostacyclin (PGI2).alpha-cyclodextrin clathrate, on platelet function and experimental thrombosis were studied. In human platelets, OP-41483 inhibited aggregation induced by adenosine diphosphate (ADP) or collagen, promoted disaggregation, and(More)
The effects of recombinant human Tumor Necrosis Factor (rHu-TNF, PT-050), an antitumor agent, on the cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, renal and blood functions were examined in experimental animals. 1. PT-050 at 10(5) U/kg i.v. did not affect blood pressure and blood flow in anesthetized dogs. However, these were decreased 2-3 h after i.v. injection of(More)