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The cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD) multigene family in planta encodes proteins catalyzing the reductions of various phenylpropenyl aldehyde derivatives in a substrate versatile manner, and whose metabolic products are the precursors of structural lignins, health-related lignans, and various other metabolites. In Arabidopsis thaliana, the two isoforms,(More)
Calsequestrin, the major calcium storage protein of both cardiac and skeletal muscle, binds and releases large numbers of Ca(2+) ions for each contraction and relaxation cycle. Here we show that two crystal structures for skeletal and cardiac calsequestrin are nearly superimposable not only for their subunits but also their front-to-front-type dimers.(More)
The crystal structure of (4S)-limonene synthase from Mentha spic ata, a metal ion-dependent monoterpene cyclase that catalyzes the coupled isomerization and cyclization of geranyl diphosphate, is reported at 2.7-A; resolution in two forms liganded to the substrate and intermediate analogs, 2-fluorogeranyl diphosphate and 2-fluorolinalyl diphosphate,(More)
Potato (Solanum tuberosum) multicystatin (PMC) is a crystalline Cys protease inhibitor present in the subphellogen layer of potato tubers. It consists of eight tandem domains of similar size and sequence. Our in vitro results showed that the pH/PO(4)(-)-dependent oligomeric behavior of PMC was due to its multidomain nature and was not a characteristic of(More)
The p21-activated Ser/Thr kinase 1 (PAK1) kinase has an essential role in tumorigenesis and cell survival in many cancers, but its regulation is not fully understood. In this study, we showed that in response to irradiation of lung cancer cells, PAK1 was upregulated, tyrosine phosphorylated, and translocated to the nucleus. Tyrosine phosphorylation relied(More)
Radioresistance is a major cause of decreasing the efficiency of radiotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). To understand the radioresistance mechanisms in NSCLC, we focused on the radiation-induced Notch-1 signaling pathway involved in critical cell fate decisions by modulating cell proliferation. In this study, we investigated the use of(More)
In this study, we determined the crystal structures of the apoform, binary, and ternary complexes of the Arabidopsis alkenal double bond reductase encoded by At5g16970. This protein, one of 11 homologues in Arabidopsis thaliana, is most closely related to the Pinus taeda phenylpropenal double bond reductase, involved in, for example, heartwood formation.(More)
Radiotherapy is commonly used in treating many kinds of cancers that cannot be cured by other therapeutic strategies. However, radiation-induced fibrosis in the treatment of intrahepatic cancer is a major obstacle. Hedgehog pathway is known to regulate the fibrotic process and proliferation of progenitor cells. Hedgehog ligands act as a profibrotic factor(More)
Colicin B (55 kDa) is a cytotoxic protein that recognizes the outer membrane transporter, FepA, as a receptor and, after gaining access to the cytoplasmic membranes of sensitive Escherichia coli cells, forms a pore that depletes the electrochemical potential of the membrane and ultimately results in cell death. To begin to understand the series of dynamic(More)
BACKGROUND Neo-angiogenesis seems to be a critical feature of breast tumor growth, migration and metastasis. Inhibition of angiogenesis may provide information regarding treatment. Since angiogenesis is the result of complex processes, controlled by several angiogenic (pro- and/or -anti) factors and their receptors, multiple ways to prevent or retrogress(More)