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A hallmark of the cellular response to DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) is histone H2AX phosphorylation in chromatin to generate gamma-H2AX. Here, we demonstrate that gamma-H2AX densities increase transiently along DNA strands as they are broken and repaired in G1 phase cells. The region across which gamma-H2AX forms does not spread as DSBs persist; rather,(More)
Chromosomal abnormalities are frequently caused by problems encountered during DNA replication. Although the ATR-Chk1 pathway has previously been implicated in preventing the collapse of stalled replication forks into double-strand breaks (DSB), the importance of the response to fork collapse in ATR-deficient cells has not been well characterized. Herein,(More)
Mutations in the tumor-suppressor gene phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (Pten) are associated with multiple cancers in humans, including T cell malignancies. Targeted deletion of Pten in T cells induces both a disseminated "mature phenotype" lymphoma and a lymphoproliferative autoimmune syndrome in mice. Here, we have shown that these(More)
Coordinated recombination of homologous antigen receptor loci is thought to be important for allelic exclusion. Here we show that homologous immunoglobulin alleles pair in a stage-specific way that mirrors the recombination patterns of these loci. The frequency of homologous immunoglobulin pairing was much lower in the absence of the RAG-1-RAG-2 recombinase(More)
Lymphocyte antigen receptor gene assembly occurs through the process of V(D)J recombination, which is initiated when the RAG endonuclease introduces DNA DSBs at two recombining gene segments to form broken DNA coding end pairs and signal end pairs. These paired DNA ends are joined by proteins of the nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ) pathway of DSB repair to(More)
The H2AX core histone variant is phosphorylated in chromatin around DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) and functions through unknown mechanisms to suppress antigen receptor locus translocations during V(D)J recombination. Formation of chromosomal coding joins and suppression of translocations involves the ataxia telangiectasia mutated and DNA-dependent protein(More)
Large homozygous deletions of 9p21 that inactivate CDKN2A, ARF, and MTAP are common in a wide variety of human cancers. The role for CDKN2A and ARF in tumorigenesis is well established, but whether MTAP loss directly affects tumorigenesis is unclear. MTAP encodes the enzyme methylthioadenosine phosphorylase, a key enzyme in the methionine salvage pathway.(More)
Ataxia telangiectasia (A-T) is a disorder characterized by cerebellar degeneration, immunodeficiency, genomic instability and genetic predisposition to lymphoid malignancies with translocations involving antigen receptor loci. The Ataxia Telangiectasia Mutated gene encodes the ATM kinase, a central transducer of DNA damage signals. Until recently, the(More)