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The flow of activity in the cortical microcircuitry is poorly understood. We use calcium imaging to reconstruct, with millisecond and single-cell resolution, the spontaneous activity of populations of neurons in unstimulated slices from mouse visual cortex. We find spontaneous activity correlated among networks of layer 5 pyramidal cells. Synchronous(More)
Characterization of the intrinsic dynamics of isolated retinal bipolar cells by a whole-cell patch-clamp technique combined with estimation of effective impulse responses across a range of mean injected currents reveals strikingly adaptive behavior. At resting potential, bipolar cells' effective impulse response is slow, high gain, and low pass.(More)
The intrinsic dynamics of bipolar cells and rod photoreceptors isolated from tiger salamanders were studied by a patch-clamp technique combined with estimation of effective impulse responses across a range of mean membrane voltages. An increase in external K(+) reduces the gain and speeds the response in bipolar cells near and below resting potential. High(More)
cortical microcircuitry, we have investigated whether neocortical brain slices can sustain spontaneous activity. In the past, slices have been used to study the responses of neurons to electrical or pharmacological stimulations. At the same time, EPSPs and IPSPs are routinely recorded intracellularly from neurons in slices Summary even under conditions in(More)
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