Bu Hussain Hayee

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INTRODUCTION A spinal cerebrospinal fluid leak is the most common cause of spontaneous intracranial hypotension which is an uncommon but increasingly recognized cause of headache. This article describes the first reported case of pilates being associated with a spontaneous spinal cerebrospinal fluid leak whilst also highlighting the key information about(More)
Inflammatory bowel diseases are common chronic inflammatory disorders. The majority are idiopathic and can be broadly divided into Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Their cause is unknown, but most hypotheses focus on a primary role for T-cell dysfunction. Conversely, there is a collection of congenital disorders of phagocyte function that result not(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) are a heterogeneous group of mucosal inflammatory cells that participate in chronic intestinal inflammation. We investigated the role of interleukin 6 (IL6) in inducing activation of ILCs in mice and in human beings with chronic intestinal inflammation. METHODS ILCs were isolated from colons of Tbx21(-/-) ×(More)
BACKGROUND Various modalities exist to document the extent of colonoscopy, including a terminal ileum (TI) biopsy, which is considered the criterion standard by some authorities. A TI biopsy adds to procedure costs, is potentially hazardous, and the detection of pathology in routinely acquired biopsy specimens of a macroscopically normal TI is limited. A(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), comprising Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis (UC), are chronic conditions attributed to an aberrant immune response to luminal triggers. Recently, published work suggests a pathogenic role for bile acids in this context. AIM To perform a systematic review of studies investigating the role of bile acids in(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Per-oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has shown promising safety and efficacy in short-term studies. However, long-term follow-up data are very limited. The aims of this study were to assess (1) clinical outcome of patients with a minimum post-POEM follow-up of 2 years and (2) factors associated with long-term clinical failure after POEM.(More)
BACKGROUND Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) and autoimmune sclerosing cholangitis (AISC) are related, but distinct chronic liver diseases. PSC is associated with a high prevalence of ulcerative colitis while the intestinal inflammation associated with AISC is less well characterised. AIMS To assess and contrast aspects of intestinal inflammation in(More)