Bryn Elise Murphy

Learn More
The rationale for the use of anti-glucocorticoids in the treatment of major depression has been reviewed. Four patients with chronic severe depression who were resistant to conventional therapies were given RU 486 (200 mg/day) for periods up to eight weeks. Substantial levels of RU 486 were achieved within the first few days, and the levels fell gradually(More)
  • B E Murphy
  • 1991
Patients with endogenous depression (major affective disorder) frequently have high cortisol levels, but the diurnal rhythm is usually maintained and they do not develop the physical signs of Cushing's syndrome. On the other hand, depression is a frequent feature of Cushing's syndrome regardless of etiology, and it is often relieved when the cortisol levels(More)
  • B E Murphy
  • 1991
The hypercorticism frequently observed in major depression, unaccompanied by signs of Cushing's syndrome, is still poorly understood. One suicidal young woman, with very high cortisol levels and unusual resistance to dexamethasone suppression, is described. She was successfully treated with steroid suppressive drugs (aminoglutethimide, metyrapone), had a(More)
Because of the similarities in the psychiatric symptoms of Cushing's syndrome and those of major depression, and because the former generally remits when the hyperadrenalism is alleviated, an open clinical trial of the effect of steroid suppression in major depression was undertaken. Ten patients satisfying the DSM-III-R criteria for major depression, and(More)
Twenty patients, diagnosed as suffering from treatment-resistant major depression, were treated with one or more drugs that decrease corticosteroid biosynthesis. Nine were psychotic, 11 nonpsychotic. Seventeen completed the treatment (8 psychotic, 9 nonpsychotic); 13 responded (5 psychotic, 8 nonpsychotic; 11 responded completely (i.e., a drop in the(More)
Eleven patients with moderate to severe premenstrual syndrome were given Premarin during the latter half of the menstrual cycle for at least two cycles, and a placebo for at least two cycles. Mental and physical symptoms were monitored daily with a self-rating scale. Premarin was significantly less effective than placebo in relieving the severity of both(More)
1. The role of serotonin in the aetiology of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) has been established through considerable indirect evidence (Landry and Chouinard, 1990). The strongest evidence comes from the fact that drugs known to be serotonin-selective reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have been found to be useful in the pharmacotherapy of OCD (Landry and(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients with major depression frequently have high cortisol levels and resistance to dexamethasone. We sought to determine to what extent major depression might be influenced by inhibitors of steroid biosynthesis and to study the endocrine changes produced. METHOD After drug washout, 20 treatment-resistant patients with major depression were(More)