Bryce Thomas

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We have studied the structure of the protein species and the protein-protein interactions in solutions containing two apoferritin molecular forms, monomers and dimers, in the presence of Na(+) and Cd(2+) ions. We used chromatographic, and static and dynamic light scattering techniques, and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Size-exclusion chromatography was(More)
Experimental evidence is presented for the first time for the development and time evolution of concentration-depletion zones around protein crystals growing in microgravity and gelled on-ground experiments. Crystal motion and buoyancy-driven fluid movements as a result of residual accelerations and g-jitters are demonstrated to have an adverse effect on(More)
Colorless apoferritin (MD450 kDa) crystals were grown in the presence of red colored holoferritin dimers (MD900 kDa) within agarose gel by counterdiffusion with Cd 2+ as precipitant. In agreement with our previous quantitative measurements showing preferential trapping of dimers (segregation coefficient K ¼ 4), the apoferritin crystals became darkly colored(More)
Nonuniform precipitant and impurity incorporation in protein crystals can cause lattice strain and, thus, possibly decrease the X-ray diffraction resolution. To address this issue, a series of crystallization experiments were carried out, in which initial supersaturation, NaCl concentration, protein purity level and crystallized fraction were varied.(More)
In earlier sodium dodecylsulfate-polyacylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) studies it has been found that commonly utilized commercial hen egg-white lysozyme (HEWL) preparations contained 0.2-0.4 mol% covalently bound dimers. Here it is shown, using high-performance capillary electrophoresis (HPCE), that HEWL contains, in addition, two differently(More)
The self-assembly of apoferritin molecules into crystals is a suitable model for protein crystallization and aggregation; these processes underlie several biological and biomedical phenomena, as well as for protein and virus self-assembly. We use the atomic force microscope in situ, during the crystallization of apoferritin to visualize and quantify at the(More)
Hen egg-white lysozyme (HEWL) is widely used as a model protein, although its purity has not been adequately characterized by modern biochemical techniques. We have identified and quantified the protein heterogeneities in three commercial HEWL preparations by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis with enhanced silver staining,(More)
The mechanisms by which macromolecular impurities degrade the diffraction properties of protein crystals have been investigated using X-ray topography, high-resolution diffraction line shape measurements, crystallographic data collection, chemical analysis, and two-photon excitation fluorescence microscopy. Hen egg-white lysozyme crystals grown from(More)
Phase-contrast X-ray diffraction imaging and high-angular-resolution diffraction combined with phase-contrast radiographic imaging were employed to characterize defects and perfection of a uniformly grown tetragonal lysozyme crystal in the symmetric Laue case. The full-width at half-maximum (FWHM) of a 4 4 0 rocking curve measured from the original crystal(More)