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Nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences were determined for a 436 bp reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) cDNA fragment from genome segment 8 and a 1151 bp RT-PCR cDNA fragment from genome segment 2 of the North American isolate of infectious salmon anemia virus (ISAV) and compared to the published sequences of Norwegian isolates of(More)
Infectious salmon anemia virus (ISAV) was isolated at a marine grow-out site in New Brunswick, Canada, from Atlantic salmon Salmo salar which experienced mortalities due to hemorrhagic kidney syndrome (HKS). Of 20 fish sampled in this study, 14 showed histologically various degrees of interstitial hemorrhaging, tubular epithelial degeneration and necrosis,(More)
Reference strains of infectious pancreatic necrosis virus resembling the 10 recognized serotypes and local isolates of aquabirnaviruses isolated in northwestern Spain from reservoirs (mollusks) and from asymptomatic and carrier cultured fish were genotyped by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) and nucleic acid sequence analyses. The RFLP(More)
A reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay was developed for the detection and identification of aquatic birnaviruses. The four sets of primers (PrA, PrB, PrC, and PrD) that we used are specific for regions of cDNA coded by genome segment A of aquatic birnaviruses. PrA identifies a large fragment (1,180 bp) within the pVP2-coding(More)
Aquatic birnaviruses, such as infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV), cause serious diseases in a variety of fish species used worldwide in aquaculture and have also been isolated from a variety of healthy fish and shellfish species. These viruses exhibit a high degree of antigenic heterogeneity and variation in biological properties such as(More)
A multiplex reverse transcriptase (RT)-PCR assay was developed for the simultaneous detection of three different fish viruses: infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV), infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV), and viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV). The sensitivity levels of the multiplex RT-PCR assay were 100, 1, and 32 50% tissue culture(More)
A panel of monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) was prepared and used to develop an enzyme immunodot assay for the rapid identification and presumptive serotyping of aquatic birnaviruses. Comparison of the reaction patterns of these MAbs with representative virus isolates indicated that one MAb recognizes a serogroup-reactive epitope and can therefore be used for(More)
A panel of five monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) produced against the West Buxton isolate of infectious pancreatic necrosis virus was used to investigate viral antigens and to compare different aquatic birnavirus isolates antigenically. Reciprocal blocking ELISA and neutralization assays indicated that these MAbs identified four, and possibly five, structurally(More)
The important task of correcting label noise is addressed infrequently in literature. The difficulty of developing a robust label correction algorithm leads to this silence concerning label correction. To break the silence, we propose two algorithms to correct label noise. One utilizes self-training to re-label noise, called Self-Training Correction (STC).(More)