Bryan Yamamoto

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The central serotonin (5-HT) neurotransmitter system is an important modulator of diverse physiological processes and behaviors; however, the transcriptional mechanisms controlling its development are largely unknown. The Pet-1 ETS factor is a precise marker of developing and adult 5-HT neurons and is expressed shortly before 5-HT appears in the hindbrain.(More)
The effects of methamphetamine (METH) on pro-oxidant processes and on the production of reactive oxygen species were examined in vivo in the rat brain. The presence of oxidative damage in striatum, as revealed by the oxidation of lipid, also was assessed via the measurement of the lipid peroxidation product malonyldialdehyde. To elucidate further the(More)
Specific behaviors comprising the serotonin syndrome (low body posture, forepaw treading, headweaving) and the autonomic signs of piloerection and salivation were determined and analyzed with locomotor activity in response to MDMA at three doses (2.5, 5.0, and 7.5 mg/kg). All behaviors were dose-responsive. Serotonin syndrome behaviors increased in both(More)
The effects of the 5-HT2 receptor agonists 1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminopropane (DOI) and 5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (5-MeODMT) on 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)-induced dopamine release and 5-HT depletion in the striatum were studied. The MDMA-induced increase in the extracellular concentration of dopamine in the striatum was(More)
Typical and atypical antipsychotic drugs have been reported to affect basal dopaminergic activity differentially in nigrostriatal and limbic structures after acute and chronic administration in animals. In addition, glutamate has been implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. The purpose of this study was to examine basal and locally stimulated(More)
There is growing evidence of an interaction between dopamine and norepinephrine. To test the hypothesis that norepinephrine terminals are involved in the uptake and removal of dopamine from the extracellular space, the norepinephrine uptake blocker desmethylimipramine (DMI) was infused locally while the extracellular concentrations of dopamine were(More)
The mechanism of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)-induced depletion of brain serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) has been proposed to involve the generation of reactive oxygen species. In the present study, quantification of the extracellular concentration of 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid (2,3-DHBA) from salicylic acid was used as an index of hydroxyl(More)
These experiments re-examined the notion that reduced activity in the external pallidal segment (GPe) results in the abnormalities of neuronal discharge in the subthalamic nucleus (STN) and the internal pallidal segment (GPi) and in the development of parkinsonian motor signs. Extracellular recording in two rhesus monkeys, which had been rendered(More)
The effects of the recently classified Schedule I amphetamine analog, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine [+/-)-MDMA) on caudate and nucleus accumbens dopamine release and metabolism were studied by in vivo voltammetry and HPLC with electrochemical detection. Monitored over a 3 h period, the magnitude of increase in dopamine release and the onset of effect(More)
An improved, HPLC with electrochemical detection method for the isocratic separation and determination of amino acids from post-mortem brain tissue and from microdialysates of awake-behaving animals is described. Optimal conditions that maximize stability, resolution, and sensitivity were determined for the pre-column derivatization of amino acids using(More)