Bryan Weiner

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PURPOSE To determine emergency medicine residents' emotional and behavioral responses to their medical errors and examine associations between residents' responses to medical error and perceptions of their training. METHOD In 2003, 55 residents at two U.S. residency programs were asked to complete questionnaires about their errors and responses to their(More)
BACKGROUND The use of high-performance work practices (HPWPs) related to career development (e.g., tuition remission, career ladders) is becoming more common in health care organizations, where skill shortages and concerns about quality of care have led to increasing investment in the frontline health care workforce. However, few studies have examined the(More)
Seventy-two TMR adults were given success and failure experiences at a coding task, as well as one of three causal attributions (ability, effort, or task difficulty [ease]). The data revealed that causal ascriptions interacted with outcome in influencing speed of performance and that success enhanced performance only when coupled with an ability ascription.(More)
The authors should consider framing the study in a more compelling way. As a reader, I wondered why it is important to understand the organizational and individual determinants of clinicians’ attitudes towards EBPs. The best way to make a more compelling case for the study’s research question is to cite research that shows that clinicians’ attitudes toward(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine if the three types of emergency medicine providers--physicians, nurses, and out-of-hospital providers (emergency medical technicians [EMTs])--differ in their identification, disclosure, and reporting of medical error. METHODS A convenience sample of providers in an academic emergency department evaluated ten case vignettes that(More)
A training program was designed to teach mentally retarded adults working in sheltered workshops to attribute their success on various assembly tasks to high effort and ability and their failure to lack of effort. These subjects were judged as having motivational problems and also demonstrated decreased levels of performance on assembly tasks following(More)
OBJECTIVES To gather preliminary data on how the three major types of emergency medicine (EM) providers, physicians, nurses (RNs), and out-of-hospital personnel (EMTs), differ in error identification, disclosure, and reporting. METHODS A convenience sample of emergency department (ED) providers completed a brief survey designed to evaluate error(More)
OBJECTIVE No data exist on parental preferences for disclosure, reporting, and seeking legal action after errors in the care of their children are disclosed. This study examined parental preferences for error disclosure and reporting; responses to error disclosure; and preferences and responses by race/ethnicity, gender, age, and insurance. METHODS A(More)
We assessed church readiness to engage in health disparities research using a newly developed instrument, examined the correlates of readiness, and described strategies that churches used to promote health. We pilot tested the instrument with churches in a church-academic partnership (n = 12). We determined level of readiness to engage in research and(More)
RESEARCH OBJECTIVES Nationally sponsored cancer-care quality-improvement efforts have been deployed in community health centers to increase breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer-screening rates among vulnerable populations. Despite several immediate and short-term gains, screening rates remain below national benchmark objectives. Overall improvement has(More)