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Dopamine, the major neurotransmitter depleted in Parkinson disease, can be synthesized and regulated in vivo with a combination of intrastriatal AAV-hAADC gene therapy and administration of the dopamine precursor l-Dopa. When tested in MPTP-lesioned monkeys, this approach resulted in long-term improvement in clinical rating scores, significantly lowered(More)
Artifacts can result when reconstructing a dynamic image sequence from inconsistent, as well as insufficient and truncated, cone beam single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) projection data acquired by a slowly rotating gantry. The artifacts can lead to biases in kinetic model parameters estimated from time-activity curves generated by overlaying(More)
There is a vast amount of untapped spatial information in scalp-recorded EEGs. Measuring this information requires use of many electrodes and application of spatial signal enhancing procedures to reduce blur distortion due to transmission through the skull and other tissues. Recordings with 124 electrodes are now routinely made, and spatial signal enhancing(More)
This paper describes a method for increasing the spatial detail of the EEG and for integrating physiological data with anatomical models based on magnetic resonance images (MRIs). This method includes techniques to efficiently record EEG data from up to 124 channels, to measure 3-D electrode positions for alignment with MRI-derived head models, and to(More)
A functional-anatomical brain scanner that has a temporal resolution of less than a hundred milliseconds is needed to measure the neural substrate of higher cognitive functions in healthy people and neurological and psychiatric patients. Electrophysiological techniques have the requisite temporal resolution but their potential spatial resolution has been(More)
Volume-of-interest (VOI) extraction for radionuclide and anatomical measurements requires correct identification and delineation of the anatomical feature being studied. We have developed a toolset for specifying three-dimensional (3-D) VOI's on a multislice positron emission tomography (PET) dataset. The software is particularly suited for specifying(More)
The age of 2 months marks a turn in the development of face processing in humans with the emergence of recognition based on internal feature configuration. We studied the neural bases of this early cognitive expertise, critical for adaptive behavior in the social world, by mapping with positron emission tomography the brain activity of 2-month-old alert(More)
Kinetic parameters are commonly estimated from dynamically acquired nuclear medicine data by first reconstructing a dynamic sequence of images and subsequently fitting the parameters to time-activity curves generated from regions of interest overlaid upon the image sequence. Biased estimates can result from images reconstructed using inconsistent(More)
Artefacts can result when reconstructing a dynamic image sequence from inconsistent single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) projection data acquired by a slowly rotating gantry. The artefacts can lead to biases in kinetic parameters estimated from time-activity curves generated by overlaying volumes of interest on the images. Insufficient(More)