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This article proposes quantitative analysis tools and digital phantoms to quantify intrinsic errors of deformable image registration (DIR) systems and establish quality assurance (QA) procedures for clinical use of DIR systems utilizing local and global error analysis methods with clinically realistic digital image phantoms. Landmark-based image(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the influence of subtotal radiofrequency (RF) ablation on a tumor-specific immune response in a murine tumor model and to explore the role of intratumoral dendritic cells (ITDCs) in mediating this effect. MATERIALS AND METHODS Animal work was performed according to an approved protocol and in compliance with the National Cancer(More)
PURPOSE To determine if pulsed-high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) could effectively serve as a source of hyperthermia with thermosensitive liposomes to enhance delivery and efficacy of doxorubicin in tumors. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Comparisons in vitro and in vivo were carried out between non-thermosensitive liposomes (NTSL) and low(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to compare and correlate standardized uptake values (SUV) derived from magnetic resonance attenuation correction (MRAC) with those derived from computed tomography attenuation correction (CTAC) in an oncology patient population. PROCEDURES The HIPAA-compliant study was approved by the Internal Review Board and all(More)
The feasibility of small animal imaging using a clinical positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) scanner with [F-18]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) was evaluated. As tumor-bearing small animal models, rabbits with VX-2 liver tumors, rats with mammary tumors on the back, and mice with LS174T human colon tumor xenografts were prepared.(More)
This study evaluated a treatment procedure in which 126 incontinent nursing home patients were checked on an hourly basis, asked if they needed toileting assistance (prompted), and socially reinforced for appropriate toileting. Urodynamic analysis (including cystometrogram), provocative stress test, and behavioral assessment revealed that the nursing home(More)
PURPOSE The ultrashort echo-time (UTE) sequence is a promising MR pulse sequence for imaging cortical bone which is otherwise difficult to image using conventional MR sequences and also poses strong attenuation for photons in radiation therapy and PET imaging. The authors report here a systematic characterization of cortical bone signal decay and a scanning(More)
PURPOSE Pluronic block copolymers are non-ionic surfactants with demonstrated sensitizing activity in chemotherapy and hyperthermia in various tumor cell lines. In the current study we investigated the potential activity of Pluronic as a radiosensitizing agent. MATERIALS AND METHODS As a possible mechanism, the effect of Pluronic on Hsp70 and Hsp90 was(More)
Metastatic epidural spinal cord compression (MESCC) is an oncologic emergency and if left untreated, permanent paralysis will ensue. The treatment of MESCC is governed by disease, patient, and treatment factors. Patient's preferences and goals of care are to be weighed into the treatment plan. Ideally, a patient with MESCC is evaluated by an(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether combining pulsed high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) with the chemotherapeutic drug bortezomib could improve antitumor activity against murine squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS All experiments were conducted with animal care and use committee approval. Murine SCC cells were implanted(More)