Bryan S. McLean

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Rotaviruses contain a double-stranded ribonucleic acid genome consisting of 11 segments. Gel electrophoresis separates genome segments and allows identification of strain differences. This electrophoretic typing technique was applied to rotavirus specimens from 116 children and 72 newborn babies. Between 1973 and 1979, 17 different electropherotypes of(More)
Levels of rotavirus-specific immunoglobulin G (IgG), IgA, IgM, and secretory immunoglobulin in maternal and cord serum, colostrum and milk, and infants' stools were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 92 mothers and their infants. Although antirotaviral IgG, IgA, and secretory immunoglobulin were present in most maternal sera, only IgG crossed(More)
A solid-phase, enzyme-linked immunospecific assay for measurement of different immunoglobulin classes of human rotavirus antibodies is described. The antigen, which was adsorbed directly to polyvinyl microtiter plates, consisted of a clarified cell culture stock of the simian rotavirus SA 11. The assay was sensitive and reproducible and could readily be(More)
Levels of antirotaviral secretory immunoglobulin A were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in colostrum and milk samples collected daily for the first 5 days postpartum from 49 mothers breast-feeding their infants. The trypsin-inhibitory capacity of these lacteal secretion samples was assessed by their ability to inhibit the hydrolysis of(More)
Specimens and associated data in natural history collections (NHCs) foster substantial scientific progress. In this paper, we explore recent contributions of NHCs to the study of systematics and biogeography, genomics, morphology, stable isotope ecology, and parasites and pathogens of mammals. To begin to assess the magnitude and scope of these(More)
Atmospheric CO2 cycles of the Quaternary likely imposed major constraints on the physiology and growth of C3 plants worldwide. However, the measured record of this remains both geographically and taxonomically sparse. We present the first reconstruction of physiological responses in a late Quaternary high-elevation herbaceous plant community from the(More)
Across the animal tree of life, the prevalence and evolutionary role(s) of hybridization remain incompletely understood. Rapidly radiating clades can serve as important systems for investigating these issues; however, such groups are often characterized by additional, widespread sources of gene tree discordance (e.g., incomplete lineage sorting). In this(More)
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