Bryan Matthews

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We have developed and tested two electroencephalogram (EEG)-based brain-computer interfaces (BCI) for users to control a cursor on a computer display. Our system uses an adaptive algorithm, based on kernel partial least squares classification (KPLS), to associate patterns in multichannel EEG frequency spectra with cursor controls. Our first BCI, Target(More)
A new method for classification is proposed. This is based on kernel orthonormalized partial least squares (PLS) dimensionality reduction of the original data space followed by a support vector classifier. Unlike principal component analysis (PCA), which has previously served as a dimension reduction step for discrimination problems, orthonormalized PLS is(More)
We are developing electromyographic and electroencephalographic methods, which draw control signals for human-computer interfaces from the human nervous system. We have made progress in four areas: 1) real-time pattern recognition algorithms for decoding sequences of forearm muscle activity associated with control gestures; 2) signal-processing strategies(More)
We measured multichannel EEG spectra during a continuous mental arithmetic task and created statistical learning models of cognitive fatigue for single subjects. Sixteen subjects (4 F, 18-38 y) viewed 4-digit problems on a computer, solved the problems, and pressed keys to respond (inter-trial interval = 1 s). Subjects performed until either they felt(More)
Two new computational models show that the EEG distinguishes three distinct mental states ranging from alert to fatigue. State 1 indicates heightened alertness and is frequently present during the first few minutes of time on task. State 2 indicates normal alertness, often following and lasting longer than State 1. State 3 indicates fatigue, usually(More)
We measured multichannel EEG spectra during a continuous mental arithmetic task and created statistical learning models of cognitive fatigue for single subjects. Sixteen subjects (4 F, 18-38 y) viewed 4-digit problems on a computer, solved the problems, and pressed keys to respond (inter-trial interval = 1 s). Subjects performed until either they felt(More)
As new technologies are developed to handle the complexities of the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen), it is increasingly important to address both current and future safety concerns along with the operational, environmental, and efficiency issues within the National Airspace System (NAS). In recent years, the Federal Aviation(More)
iii EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Starting points of project TIPP Transport policies are needed to guarantee efficient transportation systems that satisfy the mobility needs of people and firms and with a minimum cost and harm to the society and environment. Clearly this would not be possible without public effort. Compared to many other markets, in the transport(More)
Deliverable One Identifying Key Requirements for Pricing Reform Status: Public Version: 3.0 October 2002 Authors: Bryan Matthews and Chris Nash, Institute for Transport Studies, Leeds Project Partners: Institute for Transport Studies (ITS), Leeds Forschungs-undAnwenungsverbund Verkehrssystemtechnik (FAV), Berlin Istituto di Studi per l'Integrazione dei(More)