Metaphase chromosomes are visible hallmarks of mitosis, yet our understanding of their structure and of the forces shaping them is rudimentary. Phosphorylation of histone H3 serine 10 (H3 S10) by Aurora B kinase is a signature event of mitosis, but its function in chromatin condensation is unclear. Using genetically encoded ultraviolet light-inducible… (More)
When isotopically labelled photo-crosslinking amino acids are site-specifically incorporated into proteins, in combination with the corresponding non-labeled analogue, cross-linked tryptic peptides are easily identified in mass spectra via characteristic "doublet" patterns.
The segregation of eukaryotic chromosomes during mitosis requires their extensive folding into units of manageable size for the mitotic spindle. Here, we report on how phosphorylation at serine 10 of histone H3 (H3 S10) contributes to this process. Using a fluorescence-based assay to study local compaction of the chromatin fiber in living yeast cells, we… (More)
Reported here is the direct synthesis and application of unnatural amino acids for the development of exploratory tools for protein studies. This work takes advantage of an expanded genetic code to extract a more precise chemical understanding of protein function with novel additions to the unnatural amino acid catalogue, as well as the expansion of… (More)