Bryan J. Reid

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Time-lapse photomicroscopy has been utilized to detect temperature-sensitive yeast mutants that are defective in gene functions needed at specific stages of the cell-division cycle. This technique provides two types of information about a mutant: the time at which the defective gene function is normally performed, defined as the execution point, and the(More)
OBJECTIVE Barrett's esophagus develops in 5-20% of patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease and predisposes to esophageal adenocarcinoma. The value of endoscopic biopsy surveillance is questioned because most patients do not develop cancer. Furthermore, observer variation in histological diagnosis makes validation of surveillance guidelines difficult(More)
OBJECTIVES Most patients with Barrett's esophagus do not progress to cancer, but those who do seem to have markedly increased survival when cancers are detected at an early stage. Most surveillance programs are based on histological assessment of dysplasia, but dysplasia is subject to observer variation and transient diagnoses of dysplasia increase the cost(More)
It is well established that the progression to human cancer is characterized by the evolution of clones of cells with accumulated genetic abnormalities. However, technical difficulties limit the ability to study this process in some premalignant and malignant conditions. For example, the progression to esophageal adenocarcinoma in the premalignant condition(More)
Cell cycle checkpoints enhance genetic fidelity by causing arrest at specific stages of the cell cycle when previous events have not been completed. The tumor suppressor p53 has been implicated in a G1 checkpoint. To investigate whether p53 also participates in a mitotic checkpoint, cultured fibroblasts from p53-deficient mouse embryos were exposed to(More)
The potential value of biopsy surveillance of patients with Barrett's esophagus for dysplasia is diminished by a lack of agreement on the diagnostic criteria for dysplasia. In a preliminary consensus conference, experienced gastrointestinal pathologists from four medical centers agreed on criteria for a five-tiered histologic classification of dysplasia in(More)
To determine whether or not flow-cytometric evidence of aneuploidy and increased G2/tetraploid fractions predispose to neoplastic progression in Barrett's esophagus, 62 patients with Barrett's esophagus were evaluated prospectively for a mean interval of 34 months. Nine of 13 patients who showed aneuploid or increased G2/tetraploid populations in their(More)
Increased 4N (G2/tetraploid) cell populations have been postulated to be genetically unstable intermediates in the progression to many cancers, but the mechanism by which they develop and their relationship to instability have been difficult to investigate in humans in vivo. Barrett's esophagus is an excellent model system in which to investigate the order(More)
It has been hypothesized that neoplastic progression develops as a consequence of an acquired genetic instability and the subsequent evolution of clonal populations with accumulated genetic errors. Accordingly, human cancers and some premalignant lesions contain multiple genetic abnormalities not present in the normal tissues from which the neoplasms arose.(More)
Barrett's esophagus (BE) is the only known precursor to esophageal adenocarcinoma, a cancer of which the incidence has been increasing at an alarming rate in Western countries. p16(INK4a) lesions occur frequently in esophageal adenocarcinomas but their role in neoplastic progression is not well understood. We detected 9p21 loss of heterozygosity, p16 CpG(More)