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Plasma concentrations of bupivacaine have been measured in 12 patients given bupivacaine through a paravertebral catheter placed under direct vision at thoracotomy. After an initial bolus of 0.5% bupivacaine 20 ml, mean (SEM) Cpmax was 1.45 (0.32) micrograms ml-1 and median (range) tCpmax was 25 (10-60) min. A concentration of 4.43 micrograms ml-1 measured(More)
To explore the etiology of congenital hypoplastic anemia (CHA) or the Diamond-Blackfan anemia, erythropoietin responsive committed erythroid precursors were enumerated by the plasma clot method. These included blood and marrow erythroid burst-forming units (BFU-E) and marrow erythroid colony-forming units (CFU-E). The peripheral blood nucleated cells of 11(More)
A method for the clonal analysis of murine erythroleukemia cells has been developed which allows the precise characterization of the number of progeny produced by each cell and the degree of differentiation of each progeny cell. The potential of almost every cell in the culture can be monitored because a plating efficiency close to 100% has been achieved.(More)
Circulating peripheral blood cells and disaggregated yolk sac cells were obtained from normal mouse embryos as early as day 9 of gestation, prior to the formation of the fetal liver. These were cultured in vitro in plasma clots or methylcellulose, in the presence of either embryonic fluid or adult spleen cell-conditioned medium, with or without added(More)
Many types of solid tumors are known to be procoagulant environments. This is partly because a hyperpermeable vascular system within the tumor allows plasma hemostatic factors to accumulate in relatively high concentrations in the stroma, and many solid-tumor cells express tissue factor or a procoagulant factor. These circumstances appear to exist in the(More)
The VX2 tumor is derived from a papilloma virus-induced rabbit epithelial cell line. If VX2 tumor cells (trapped in a plasma clot) are introduced intravenously into NZW rabbits, the cells lodge in the lung capillary bed and produce tumors. Independently of the tumor burden (ie, the total tumor weight per rabbit), approximately 15% of rabbits with VX2 lung(More)
140.240, an IgG2a mouse monoclonal antibody raised against a cultured human melanoma cell line, was highly specific for melanoma cells as determined by direct and absorption analyses in a mixed hemadsorption assay. Supernatants of doubly cloned hybridomas producing antibody 140.240 reacted with all cultured and fresh melanomas tested but failed to react(More)
To facilitate studies of the in vivo role of the extrinsic pathway of coagulation in experimental hemostasis and thrombosis, a full-length cDNA-encoding rabbit factor VII was isolated using polymerase chain reaction-mediated DNA amplification from plaque-purified lambda gt11 phage. Repeated DNA sequencing of both full-length rabbit factor VII cDNA and(More)
Human mononuclear leukocytes were fractionated into populations of null, T and B cells by immunoabsorbent column chromatography followed by E-rosette formation and purification of T cells by differential centrifugation and osmotic lysis. The unfractionated and fractionated cell populations were first separately cultured for 14 days in plasma clots in the(More)
We have localized the binding epitope(s) of two murine monoclonal antibodies (B7C9 and P5-2-1) that were shown previously to inhibit the activation of human coagulation factor XII by negatively charged surfaces. A factor XII cDNA expression library in lambda gt11 was screened with antibody B7C9, and 16 immunoreactive bacteriophage were isolated. Fusion(More)