Bryan A Mitton

Learn More
BACKGROUND Although disease remission can frequently be achieved for patients with neuroblastoma, relapse is common. The cancer stem cell theory suggests that rare tumorigenic cells, resistant to conventional therapy, are responsible for relapse. If true for neuroblastoma, improved cure rates may only be achieved via identification and therapeutic targeting(More)
Activation of the sympathetic nervous system is a common compensatory feature in heart failure, but sustained beta-adrenergic activation induces cardiomyocyte death, leading to cardiac remodeling and dysfunction. In mouse cardiomyocytes, we recently reported that prolonged exposure to beta-agonists is associated with transient increases in expression and(More)
The heritability of nociception and antinociception has been well established in the mouse. The pharmacogenetics of morphine analgesia are fairly well characterized, but far less is known about other analgesics. The purpose of this work was to begin the systematic genetic study of non-mu-opioid analgesics. We tested mice of 12 inbred mouse strains for(More)
Depressed cardiac Ca cycling by the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) has been associated with attenuated contractility, which can progress to heart failure. The histidine-rich Ca-binding protein (HRC) is an SR component that binds to triadin and may affect Ca release through the ryanodine receptor. HRC overexpression in transgenic mouse hearts was associated(More)
Ischemic heart disease, which remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the Western world, is invariably characterized by impaired cardiac function and disturbed Ca(2+) homeostasis. Because enhanced inhibitor-1 (I-1) activity has been suggested to preserve Ca(2+) cycling, we sought to define whether increases in I-1 activity in the adult heart(More)
Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is a very rare soft tissue sarcoma which arises primarily in children and young adults. Despite its unique histology and well-characterized genetic translocation, many questions remain regarding the pathogenesis and treatment of this tumor type. Though collective clinical experience with this tumor type spans more than 60(More)
Phospholamban has been suggested to be a key regulator of cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca cycling and contractility and a potential therapeutic target in restoring the depressed Ca cycling in failing hearts. Our understanding of the function of phospholamban stems primarily from studies in genetically altered mouse models. To evaluate the(More)
Human and experimental heart failure is characterized by increases in type-1 protein phosphatase activity, which may be partially attributed to inactivation of its endogenous regulator, protein phosphatase inhibitor-1. Inhibitor-1 represents a nodal integrator of two major second messenger pathways, adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) and calcium,(More)
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is one of the most common leukemias with a 20% 5-year event-free survival in adults and 50% overall survival in children, despite aggressive chemotherapy treatment and bone marrow transplantation. The incidence and mortality rates for acute leukemia have only slightly decreased over the last 20 years, and therefore greater(More)
Defects in the pathways that regulate cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) calcium (Ca) cycling represent prime targets for driving the deterioration of function and progression to heart failure. We hypothesized that the histidine-rich Ca binding protein (HRC) in the SR may be involved in SR Ca cycling and that alterations in HRC levels would result in(More)