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BACKGROUND Crush syndrome resulting from earthquakes is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, as seen during the catastrophic Marmara earthquake that struck Northwestern Turkey in August 1999. This report analyzes the epidemiological characteristics of the crush syndrome victims of this disaster. METHODS In order to analyze the nephrological problems(More)
BACKGROUND Haemodialysis patients suffer from accelerated vascular calcification. The vitamin K-dependent matrix Gla protein (MGP) is one of the most powerful inhibitors of vascular calcification. Haemodialysis patients have high levels of the inactive form of MGP (desphosphorylated-uncarboxylated-MGP, dp-uc-MGP) and may benefit from pharmacological doses(More)
AIMS Chronic renal failure (CRF) patients frequently suffer from dyspeptic complaints such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal distension, early satiety and anorexia. The aim of the present study was to define the prevalence of dyspeptic complaints and delayed gastric emptying in CRF patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS Dyspeptic complaints were assessed(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies with erythropoiesis-stimulating agents claim that maintenance therapy of renal anaemia may be possible at extended dosing intervals; however, few studies were randomized, results varied, and comparisons between agents were absent. We report results of a multi-national, randomized, prospective trial comparing haemoglobin(More)
Catalytic activity of oxidative phosphorylation complexes is maintained following separation by Blue Native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (BN-PAGE). In BN-PAGE gels, using histochemical staining methods, we have demonstrated enzymatic activity of the complexes I, II, IV, and V in heart and skeletal muscle, liver, and cultured skin fibroblasts. The(More)
Antibiotics can interact directly with the immune system. This is a review of the immunomodulating effects of antibiotics. The Medline database on CD-ROM was searched for the years 1987 to 1994 using the following search string: "thesaurus explode antibiotics/all AND (thesaurus explode immune-system/drug effects OR thesaurus immune-tolerance/drug effects)."(More)
BACKGROUND In previous studies on the effect of renal stenting on arterial hypertension, patients were selected mainly on the basis of angiographic parameters of the renal artery stenosis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether translesional pressure gradients could identify the patients with renal artery stenosis who might benefit from(More)
INTRODUCTION Acute renal failure after cardiac surgery increases in-hospital mortality. We evaluated the effect of intra- and postoperative tight control of blood glucose levels on renal function after cardiac surgery based on the Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, and End-stage kidney failure (RIFLE) criteria, and on the need for acute postoperative dialysis. (More)
BACKGROUND Extending the administration interval of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) represents an opportunity to improve the efficiency of anaemia management in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, effective haemoglobin (Hb) maintenance can be challenging with epoetin alfa and epoetin beta administered at extended intervals.(More)
Hemodialysis patients frequently experience such dyspeptic symptoms as nausea, vomiting, abdominal distension, early satiety, and anorexia. Gastroparesis might be a cause of malnutrition, and parameters of gastric emptying are inversely correlated with serum albumin levels. The aim of the present study is to determine whether delayed gastric emptying is(More)