Bruno Van Vlem

Learn More
BACKGROUND Uremic syndrome is the consequence of the retention of solutes usually cleared by the healthy kidneys. p-Cresol can be considered a prototypic protein-bound uremic toxin. It is conceivable, analogous with drugs, that the non-protein-bound fraction of p-cresol exerts toxicity. This aspect had never been evaluated, nor have the factors influencing(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies with erythropoiesis-stimulating agents claim that maintenance therapy of renal anaemia may be possible at extended dosing intervals; however, few studies were randomized, results varied, and comparisons between agents were absent. We report results of a multi-national, randomized, prospective trial comparing haemoglobin(More)
INTRODUCTION Acute renal failure after cardiac surgery increases in-hospital mortality. We evaluated the effect of intra- and postoperative tight control of blood glucose levels on renal function after cardiac surgery based on the Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, and End-stage kidney failure (RIFLE) criteria, and on the need for acute postoperative dialysis. (More)
BACKGROUND Extending the administration interval of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) represents an opportunity to improve the efficiency of anaemia management in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, effective haemoglobin (Hb) maintenance can be challenging with epoetin alfa and epoetin beta administered at extended intervals.(More)
Currently available rat models for measuring gastric emptying are hampered by the necessity to kill the animals at the end of each experiment, which makes repetitive testing impossible. We have developed and validated a noninvasive test model, adapted from the 13C-octanoic breath test in humans, for repetitive measurements of gastric emptying in rats. Male(More)
  • 1