Bruno Silvester Lopes

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Acinetobacter baumannii is a multi-resistant opportunistic nosocomial pathogen responsible for several outbreaks worldwide. It can cause several infections at various sites of the body. One of the main infections caused by this bacterium is ventilator-associated pneumonia in patients in intensive care units. Treating these infections is becoming difficult(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the mechanism of ceftazidime resistance in two isogenic Acinetobacter baumannii strains from the United Arab Emirates. METHODS Two A. baumannii strains, NM55 and NM128, were isolated 4 months apart from a 6-year-old patient in the United Arab Emirates. Genotypic characterization was performed by PFGE and the MIC of ceftazidime(More)
Four non-repetitive, clonally related (ST114), carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii strains isolated in the USA were examined to understand the mechanisms of carbapenem resistance including screening for the presence of an insertion sequence upstream of the bla(OXA-51-like) gene, which could be involved in the control and expression of the(More)
Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter spp. have been increasingly reported worldwide including Saudi Arabia and Egypt. We examined 64, non-repetitive, Acinetobacter baumannii isolates collected in 2013 and 2014 from four different medical centres (two from Saudi Arabia and two from Egypt). All the isolates were resistant to ceftazidime and ciprofloxacin. The(More)
The aim of this work was to investigate the role of the IS6 family of insertion sequences present upstream of blaOXA-58 in two clonally related carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolates obtained from paediatric cancer patients in Egypt. To determine their relatedness, the isolates were typed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), and the(More)
OBJECTIVES This study examines the mechanism of carbapenem resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii isolate Ab244. METHODS A multiplex PCR for the detection of the bla(OXA-23-like), bla(OXA-40-like), bla(OXA-51-like) and bla(OXA-58-like) families was performed. MICs of imipenem and meropenem were determined by the agar dilution method. The sequence(More)
Acinetobacter baumannii is a pathogenic bacterium responsible for a wide range of infections in immunocompromised patients. This study examined the role of insertional inactivation of the adeR gene and its effect on adeABC gene expression along with characterisation of the gyrA and parC mutations involved in ciprofloxacin resistance in three A. baumannii(More)
INTRODUCTION Acinetobacter baumannii is opportunistic in debilitated hospitalised patients. Because information from some South American countries was previously lacking, this study examined the emergence of multi-resistant A. baumannii in three hospitals in Cochabamba, Bolivia, from 2008 to 2009. METHODOLOGY Multiplex PCR was used to identify the main(More)
Genetic variation in an infectious disease pathogen can be driven by ecological niche dissimilarities arising from different host species and different geographical locations. Whole genome sequencing was used to compare E. coli O157 isolates from host reservoirs (cattle and sheep) from Scotland and to compare genetic variation of isolates (human, animal,(More)
Multidrug-resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter baumannii has increasingly emerged as an important nosocomial pathogen. The aim of this study was to determine the resistance profiles and genetic diversity in A. baumannii clinical isolates in a tertiary medical center in Malaysia. The minimum inhibitory concentrations of carbapenems (imipenem and meropenem),(More)