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Neuroimaging studies have identified at least two bilateral areas of the visual extrastriate cortex that respond more to pictures of faces than objects in normal human subjects in the middle fusiform gyrus [the 'fusiform face area' (FFA)] and, more posteriorly, in the inferior occipital cortex ['occipital face area' (OFA)], with a right hemisphere(More)
Behavioral studies have shown that picture-plane inversion impacts face and object recognition differently, thereby suggesting face-specific processing mechanisms in the human brain. Here we used event-related potentials to investigate the time course of this behavioral inversion effect in both faces and novel objects. ERPs were recorded for 14 subjects(More)
Event-related potential (ERP) studies of the human brain have shown that object categories can be reliably distinguished as early as 130-170 ms on the surface of occipito-temporal cortex, peaking at the level of the N170 component. Consistent with this finding, neuropsychological and neuroimaging studies suggest major functional distinctions within the(More)
Presenting a face stimulus upside-down generally causes a larger deficit in perceiving metric distances between facial features ("configuration") than local properties of these features. This effect supports a qualitative account of face inversion: the same transformation affects the processing of different kinds of information differently. However, this(More)
Event-related potentials (ERPs) from 58 electrodes at standard EEG sites were recorded while 14 subjects performed a delayed-matching task on normal and inverted faces. A large and single difference between normal and inverted face processing was observed at occipito-temporal sites about 160 ms following stimulus onset, mainly in the right hemisphere (RH).(More)
OBJECTIVE (1) To investigate the hypothesis that the vertex positive potential (VPP) and the N170 ERP components reported in the face processing literature are two manifestations of the same brain processes whose relative amplitude in a given experiment is dependent on reference electrode; (2) to investigate whether differences in face/object results(More)
Faces are perceived holistically, a phenomenon best illustrated when the processing of a face feature is affected by the other features. Here, the authors tested the hypothesis that the holistic perception of a face mainly relies on its low spatial frequencies. Holistic face perception was tested in two classical paradigms: the whole-part advantage(More)
In order to investigate stimulus-related and task-related electrophysiological activity relevant for face processing, event-related potentials (ERPs) from 58 electrodes at standard EEG sites were recorded while subjects performed a simple visual discrimination (control) task, in addition to various face processing tasks: recognition of previously learned(More)
It is well known that the integration of facial features into a holistic representation is dramatically disrupted by picture-plane inversion. To investigate the nature of this observation, we tested for the first time the so-called face composite effect at various angles of rotation (0 degrees to 180 degrees , 7 angles). During an individual face matching(More)
Scalp event-related potentials (ERPs) in humans indicate that face and object processing differ approximately 170 ms following stimulus presentation, at the point of the N170 occipitotemporal component. The N170 is delayed and enhanced to inverted faces but not to inverted objects. We tested whether this inversion effect reflects early mechanisms exclusive(More)