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Members of the Plasmodium falciparum var gene family encode clonally variant adhesins, which play an important role in the pathogenicity of tropical malaria. Here we employ a selective panning protocol to generate isogenic P.falciparum populations with defined adhesive phenotypes for CD36, ICAM-1 and CSA, expressing single and distinct var gene variants.(More)
BACKGROUND Chondroitin-4-sulfate (CSA) was recently described as a Plasmodium falciparum cytoadherence receptor present on Saimiri brain microvascular and human lung endothelial cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS To specifically study chondroitin-4-sulfate-mediated cytoadherence, a parasite population was selected through panning of the Palo-Alto (FUP) 1 P.(More)
A common pathological characteristic of Plasmodium falciparum infection is the cytoadhesion of mature-stage-infected erythrocytes (IE) to host endothelium and syncytiotrophoblasts. Massive accumulation of IE in the brain microvasculature or placenta is strongly correlated with severe forms of malaria. Extensive binding of IE to placental chondroitin sulfate(More)
Trafficking pathways in malaria-infected erythrocytes are complex because the internal parasite is separated from the serum by the erythrocyte and parasitophorous vacuolar membranes. Intraerythrocytic Plasmodium falciparum parasites can endocytose dextrans, protein A and an IgG2a antibody. Here we show that these macromolecules do not cross the erythrocyte(More)
Infections with Plasmodium falciparum during pregnancy lead to the accumulation of parasitized red blood cells (infected erythrocytes, IEs) in the placenta. IEs of P. falciparum isolates that infect the human placenta were found to bind immunoglobulin G (IgG). A strain of P. falciparum cloned for IgG binding adhered massively to placental(More)
Plasmodium falciparum parasites express variant adhesion molecules on the surface of infected erythrocytes (IEs), which act as targets for natural protection. Recently it was shown that IE sequestration in the placenta is mediated by binding to chondroitin sulfate A via the duffy binding-like (DBL)-gamma 3 domain of P falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein(More)
The cytoadhesion of Plasmodium falciparum-infected erythrocytes (IEs) to the endothelial cells lining the microvasculature, clogging the microvessels of various organs, is a key event in the pathogenesis of certain severe forms of malaria, such as cerebral malaria and pulmonary edema. Studies aiming to identify possible correlations between the severity of(More)
Severe malaria is characterized by the sequestration of Plasmodium falciparum-infected erythrocytes (IEs). Because platelets can affect tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-activated endothelial cells (ECs), we investigated their role in the sequestration of IEs, using IEs that were selected because they can adhere to endothelial CD36 (IE(CD36)), a P. falciparum(More)
Malaria during the first pregnancy causes a high rate of fetal and neonatal death. The decreasing susceptibility during subsequent pregnancies correlates with acquisition of antibodies that block binding of infected red cells to chondroitin sulfate A (CSA), a receptor for parasites in the placenta. Here we identify a domain within a particular Plasmodium(More)
The origin of membraneous structures in the cytoplasm of human erythrocytes infected with the malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, was determined by confocal fluorescence imaging microscopy. When infectious merozoites invaded erythrocytes labeled with the fluorescent, lipophilic, non-exchangeable molecules DiIC16 or DiOC16, a ring of fluorescence was(More)