Bruno Mougin

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Susceptibility to autoimmune hepatitis type I (AIH-1) has been associated with HLA-DR3, DR52, and DR4 antigens in Caucasian and Oriental patients. However, in Brazil, disease susceptibility is primarily linked to DR13 and DR52. In this highly admixed population, we find different DR13-associated haplotypes, presenting a unique opportunity to discriminate(More)
The second phase of septic shock is characterized by an anti-inflammatory state and patients rapidly develop features consistent with immunosuppression. The mechanisms sustaining this disease step are far from being well understood. The objective of the present study was to perform a genome-wide survey of mRNA expression in septic shock patients in order to(More)
OBJECTIVE The decreased expression of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DR on monocytes is proposed as a major feature of sepsis-induced immunodepression. The objective of the present study was to investigate, in whole blood from septic shock patients, the messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of a gene panel, which is essential to ensure major histocompatibility(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the genetic contribution of cytokine gene polymorphisms (interleukin 1 (IL1) and tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha)) on disease phenotype and on response to TNF-blocking agents in a population of patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). METHODS A cohort of 107 consecutive patients with JIA who were receiving(More)
A dramatic decrease in circulating lymphocyte number is regularly described after septic shock. However, it is unknown how early this alteration develops after diagnosis of shock and if it remains stable over time. Twenty-one septic shock patients with no comorbidities were included within 2 h after the beginning of vasopressive treatment. Flow cytometry(More)
PURPOSE Clinical data suggest that the estrogen receptor (ER) contributes to chemotherapeutic responsiveness. However, ER status alone is not consistently predictive. In this study, we used a microarray approach to find novel ER-related genes that predicted chemotherapy responses, with the hope of providing a robust multi-variable prediction method. (More)
Success in treating severe sepsis will require relevant tools to monitor the patient immunoinflammatory status. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of measuring a panel of immunological mediator mRNAs in whole blood and to study their prognostic values in septic shock patients. At the onset of shock, compared to healthy volunteers, mRNA levels(More)
Understanding the pathogenesis of type-I diabetes (T1D) is hindered in humans by the long autoimmune process occurring before clinical onset and by the difficulty to study the pancreas directly. Alternatively, exploring body fluids and particularly peripheral blood can provide some insights. Indeed, circulating cells can function as 'sentinels', with subtle(More)
Quantitative real-time RT-PCR is a very powerful technique for measuring gene expression at the mRNA level. In order to compare mRNA expression in different experimental or clinical conditions, expression of a target gene has to be normalized to an appropriate internal standard, which is generally a housekeeping gene. In our study, we have tested several(More)
OBJECTIVE It has been suggested that patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with abundant tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) are more likely to respond to TNF-alpha inhibitors. We measured expression of TNF-alpha mRNA in peripheral blood of RA patients undergoing infliximab treatment in order to test its predictive value for treatment response. (More)