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We studied somatic exocytosis of serotonin and its mediation by L-type calcium (Ca2+) channels in cultured Retzius neurones of the leech. Exocytosis was induced by trains of impulses at different frequencies or by depolarisation with 40 mM potassium (K+), and was quantified by use of the fluorescent dye FM 1-43. Stimulation increased the membrane(More)
An ultrastructural, histochemical, and biochemical study of the electric organ of the South American Torpedinid ray, Discopyge tschudii, was carried out. Fine structural cytochemical localization of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) indicated that most of the esterase was associated with the basal lamina. Electron microscopy indicated no marked differences in the(More)
Serotonin, a modulator of multiple functions in the nervous system, is released predominantly extrasynaptically from neuronal cell bodies, axons and dendrites. This paper describes how serotonin is released from cell bodies of Retzius neurons in the central nervous system (CNS) of the leech, and how it affects neighbouring glia and neurons. The large(More)
We have studied the changes in acetylcholinesterase (AChE) molecular forms during cross-innervation of the inferior smooth muscle of the cat nictitating membrane by the hypoglossal nerve. One month after functional cross-innervation AChE activity increases by two-fold above control values, and a new high molecular weight AChE form (A12) is detected,(More)
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