Bruno Le Pioufle

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This paper describes the fabrication and use of a biomimetic microfluidic device for the monitoring of a functional porin reconstituted within a miniaturized suspended artificial bilayer lipid membrane (BLM). Such a microfluidic device allows for (1) fluidic and electrical access to both sides of the BLM and (2) reproducible membrane protein insertion and(More)
This paper deals with the development of a microfluidic biochip for the exposure of living cells to nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEF). When exposed to ultra short electric pulses (typical duration of 3-10ns), disturbances on the plasma membrane and on the intra cellular components occur, modifying the behavioral response of cells exposed to drugs or(More)
The electric field is commonly used in microdevices to handle, treat, or monitor living cells for various biological or biomedical applications (cells electrofusion, gene electrotransfer, drugs injection, cell sorting, …). Dielectrophoresis (DEP) forces, using stationary waves (conventional DEP) or traveling waves, are widely used for the cell handling or(More)
Plasmodium falciparum is transmitted from humans to Anopheles mosquito vectors via the sexual erythrocytic forms termed gametocytes. Erythrocyte filtration through microsphere layers (microsphiltration) had shown that circulating gametocytes are deformable. Compounds reducing gametocyte deformability would induce their splenic clearance, thus removing them(More)
Human adipose mesenchymal stem cells (haMSCs) are multipotent adult stem cells of great interest in regenerative medicine or oncology. They present spontaneous calcium oscillations related to cell cycle progression or differentiation but the correlation between these events is still unclear. Indeed, it is difficult to mimic haMSCs spontaneous calcium(More)
Amorphous red-emitting materials involving solvatochromic small molecules have been processed by the reprecipitation method as non-doped nanospheres characterized by a remarkably low polydispersity. Their mean diameter could simply be tuned by the concentration of the organic solution giving rise to time-stable dispersion of 85-200 nm-sized nanoparticles.(More)
The biological mechanisms induced by the application of nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEFs: high electrical field amplitude during very short duration) on cells remain partly misunderstood. In this context, there is an increasing need for tools that allow the delivering of such pulses with the possibility to monitor their effects in real-time. Thanks(More)
Cells submitted to an electric field gradient experience dielectrophoresis. Such a force is useful for pairing cells prior to electrofusion. The latter event is induced by the application of electric field pulses leading to membrane fusion while cells are in physical contact. Nevertheless, the efficiency of dielectrophoretic pairing and electrofusion of(More)
In this study, we analyzed the electrofusion of two cells in a biochip that has been developed to perform the capture by dielectrophoresis and the electrofusion of pairs of cells. The good transparency of the microsystem allowed analyzing the details of the fusion events. By staining one of the cells, the mixing of the two cytosols could be observed during(More)
Cell fusion consists of inducing the formation of a hybridoma cell containing the genetic properties of the progenitor cells. Such an operation is usually performed chemically or electrically. The latter method, named electrofusion, is considered as having a strong potential, due to its efficiency and non-toxicity, but deserves further investigations prior(More)