Bruno Lambert

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Although syndromic surveillance systems using nonclinical data have been implemented in the United States, the approach has yet to be tested in France. We present the results of the first model based on drug sales that detects the onset of influenza season and forecasts its trend. Using weekly lagged sales of a selected set of medications, we forecast(More)
PURPOSE Monitoring appropriate categories of medication sales can provide early warning of certain disease outbreaks. This paper presents a methodology for choosing and monitoring medication sales relevant for the surveillance of gastroenteritis and assesses the operational characteristics of the selected medications for early warning. METHODS Acute(More)
BACKGROUND This study was conducted to assess the impact of chikungunya on health costs during the epidemic that occurred on La Réunion in 2005-2006. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS From data collected from health agencies, the additional costs incurred by chikungunya in terms of consultations, drug consumption and absence from work were determined by a(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the fact that urinary tract infection (UTI) is a very frequent disease, little is known about its seasonality in the community. METHODS AND FINDINGS To estimate seasonality of UTI using multiple time series constructed with available proxies of UTI. Eight time series based on two databases were used: sales of urinary antibacterial(More)
BACKGROUND In a context of controversy about influenza antiviral treatments, this study assessed primary health-care physicians' prescription of neuraminidase inhibitors (NIs) in France during pandemic and seasonal influenza between 2009 and 2013. METHODS This observational study, using data recorded in three national databases, estimated the rate of NI(More)
PURPOSE Anti-dopaminergic anti-emetics (ADA) use for the treatment of nausea associated with gastroenteritis (GE) can be considered inappropriate, as their effects are not supported by evidence of clinical efficacy and can potentially induce serious adverse events. OBJECTIVE This study quantifies the suboptimal consumption of ADA attributable to seasonal(More)
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