Bruno Lacarelle

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BACKGROUND AND AIMS Cytochrome P450 1A1 catalyzes the degradation of endobiotics (estradiol, fatty acids, and so on) and the bioactivation of numerous environmental procarcinogens, such as arylamines and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, that are found in food. Several peroxisome proliferators and arachidonic acid derivatives enhance cytochrome P450 1A1(More)
Cigarette smoking is a worldwide health problem and is the greatest risk factor for lung cancer. By activating procarcinogens, hepatic and extrahepatic cytochromes P450 can participate in lung carcinogenesis. Tobacco smoke contains numerous cytochrome P450 inducers, substrates, and inhibitors. In the present study we investigated, in male NMRI mice, the(More)
PURPOSE To study the presence of three HIV-1 protease inhibitors (PIs) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), semen, and lymph nodes and to assess the correlations with residual viral replication in these compartments. METHOD We performed a cross-sectional analysis of sanctuary samples from 41 HIV-infected patients on stable highly active antiretroviral(More)
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) penetration and the pharmacokinetics of vancomycin were studied after continuous infusion (50 to 60 mg/kg of body weight/day after a loading dose of 15 mg/kg) in 13 mechanically ventilated patients hospitalized in an intensive care unit. Seven patients were treated for a sensitive bacterial meningitis and the other six patients,(More)
We studied the pharmacokinetics of cefepime (2 g bd) in six burns patients. Blood, urine and skin samples were collected to measure cefepime concentrations. A two-compartment model was fitted to the data. At day 1, t(1/2beta) was 2.45 +/- 0.56 h, V(ss) 0.36 +/- 0.1 L/kg, total clearance 152 +/- 25.2 mL/min, and AUC 217 +/- 34 mg*h/L. There was no(More)
Zidovudine (ZDV) is extensively metabolised by the liver to an inactive glucuronide (GZDV). Since ZDV is often administered with antimycotic drugs, we studied the effect of six systemic antifungal agents on the in vitro glucuronidation of ZDV by human liver microsomes. 5-fluorocytosine and itraconazole had no inhibitory effect whereas amphotericine B,(More)
We studied the effects of lorazepam, a benzodiazepine, on differentiated emotions in healthy volunteers. In order to induce differentiated emotions, film excerpts were selected on the basis of the type of emotion they induced (fear, anger and for affective tone neutral film). For 6 days (D1 to D6), ten healthy volunteers received lorazepam (1 mg bid) or(More)
Pulmonary and liver microsomes of male NMRI mice were used to study the inductive effect of cigarette smoke on various cytochrome P450 isoforms implicated in precarcinogen and premutagen bioactivation. The enzymatic activities catalyzed by CYP1A1, CYP2B, CYP2C, CYP2D, CYP2E1 and CYP3A were induced in liver microsomes. Immunoquantification of lung and liver(More)
The anti-VEGF targeted antibody bevacizumab (BVZ) has been approved for treating renal cell carcinomas (RCCs). Although BVZ increases the progression-free survival of patients with metastatic RCC, the effect on overall survival is poor. To gain insight into the limited efficacy of BVZ on overall survival, we analyzed patient samples of RCC for angiogenic(More)
Nonmelanoma skin cancers represent the most common malignant neoplasms in humans. UV-B play a major role in the etiology of these tumors, but exposure to environmental procarcinogens is also involved. CYP catalyzes numerous chemical carcinogen bioactivations and effects of UV-B on their expression are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to explore(More)