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We consider the problem of 20 questions with noisy answers, in which we seek to find a target by repeatedly choosing a set, asking an oracle whether the target lies in this set, and obtaining an answer corrupted by noise. Starting with a prior distribution on the target's location, we seek to minimize the expected entropy of the posterior distribution. We… (More)

As recent advances in calcium sensing technologies facilitate simultaneously imaging action potentials in neuronal populations, complementary analytical tools must also be developed to maximize the utility of this experimental paradigm. Although the observations here are fluorescence movies, the signals of interest--spike trains and/or time varying… (More)

This work is aimed at the detection of adult images that appear in Internet. Skin detection is of the paramount importance in the detection of adult images. We build a maximum entropy model for this task. This model, called the First Order Model in this paper, is subject to constraints on the color gradients of neighboring pixels. Parameter estimation as… (More)

Yeast two-hybrid screens are an important method for mapping pairwise physical interactions between proteins. The fraction of interactions detected in independent screens can be very small, and an outstanding challenge is to determine the reason for the low overlap. Low overlap can arise from either a high false-discovery rate (interaction sets have low… (More)

We consider a sequence of three models for skin detection built from a large collection of labelled images. Each model is a maximum entropy model with respect to constraints concerning marginal distributions. Our models are nested. The first model, called the baseline model is well known from practitioners. Pixels are considered as independent. Performance,… (More)

We consider a sequence of three models for skin detection built from a large collection of labelled images. Each model is a maximum entropy model with respect to constraints concerning marginal distributions. Our models are nested. The first model is well known from practitioners. Pixels are considered as independent. The second model is a Hidden Markov… (More)

This paper considers the task of finding a target location by making a limited number of sequential observations. Each observation results from evaluating an imperfect classifier of a chosen cost and accuracy on an interval of chosen length and position. Within a Bayesian framework, we study the problem of minimizing an objective that combines the entropy… (More)

- Alexander Crits-Christoph, Courtney K Robinson, Tyler Barnum, W Florian Fricke, Alfonso F Davila, Bruno Jedynak +2 others
- Microbiome
- 2013

BACKGROUND
The Atacama Desert is one of the driest deserts in the world and its soil, with extremely low moisture, organic carbon content, and oxidizing conditions, is considered to be at the dry limit for life.
RESULTS
Analyses of high throughput DNA sequence data revealed that bacterial communities from six geographic locations in the hyper-arid core… (More)

The problem of target localization with noise is addressed. The target is a sample from a continuous random variable with known distribution and the goal is to locate it with minimum mean squared error distortion. The localization scheme or policy proceeds by queries, or questions, weather or not the target belongs to some subset as it is addressed in the… (More)