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Previous studies of somatosensory object discrimination have been focused on the primary and secondary sensorimotor cortices. However, we expected the prefrontal cortex to also become involved in sequential tactile discrimination on the basis of its role in working memory and stimulus discrimination as established in other domains. To investigate the(More)
Tactile object discrimination is one of the major manual skills of humans. While the exploring finger movements are not perceived explicitly, attention to the movement-evoked kinaesthetic information gates the tactile perception of object form. Using event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging in seven healthy subjects we found one area in the right(More)
We studied the cerebral activations related to restitution of hand function in five patients with first hemiplegic subcortical stroke due to ischaemic infarction in the area of the basal ganglia or thalamus. In two subjects, involvement of the cortico-spinal tract was demonstrated by magnetic evoked potentials. The subjects were requested to discriminate(More)
Tactile discrimination of macrogeometric objects in a two-alternative forced-choice procedure represents a complex task including somatosensory and higher-order cognitive processing. The objects for somatosensory discrimination were rectangular parallelepipeds that differed in oblongness only. They were presented in sequential pairs to 12 normal volunteers(More)
The organization of the normal perceptual processing subserving tactile object recognition is poorly understood. While perceptual deficits associated with cases of tactile agnosia may pinpoint sites of critical interference with normal tactile information processing, the precise character of such deficits remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to(More)
BACKGROUND Neuroanatomical determinants of motor skill recovery after stroke are still poorly understood. Although lesion load onto the corticospinal tract is known to affect recovery, less is known about the effect of lesions to cortical sensorimotor areas. Here, we test the hypothesis that lesions of somatosensory cortices interfere with the capacity to(More)
Ischaemic stroke (IS) in young adults has been increasingly recognized as a serious health condition. Stroke aetiology is different in young adults than in the older population. This study aimed to investigate aetiology and risk factors, and to search for predictors of outcome and recurrence in young IS patients. We conducted a prospective multicentre study(More)
Five patients with chronic meningitis were hospitalized several times for progressive neurological symptoms. The clinical manifestations included cranial neuritis, radiculoneuritis, myelitis and encephalitis. In two cases cerebral infarction occurred. The course was commonly characterized by a tendency to deteriorate. From the clinical point of view, it was(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The optimal strategy for the diagnosis of herpes simplex virus (HSV) and varizella-zoster virus (VZV) disease of the central nervous system is the detection of viral DNA by polymerase chain reaction assay (PCR) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and the examination of intrathecal production of specific antibodies. However, in acute(More)