Bruno J. Gonzalez

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Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) has been originally isolated from the sheep hypothalamus on the basis of its ability to stimulate cAMP formation in anterior pituitary cells. Post-translational processing of the PACAP precursor generates two biologically active molecular forms, PACAP38 and PACAP27, and a novel peptide called(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a 38-amino acid peptide that was first isolated from ovine hypothalamic extracts on the basis of its ability to stimulate cAMP formation in anterior pituitary cells. PACAP belongs to the vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP)-glucagon-growth hormone releasing factor-secretin superfamily. The(More)
Oxidative stress, resulting from accumulation of reactive oxygen species, plays a critical role in neuronal cell death associated with neurodegenerative diseases and stroke. In the present study, we have investigated the potential neuroprotective effect of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) on oxidative stress-induced apoptosis.(More)
High concentrations of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) receptors are present in the external granule cell layer of the rat cerebellum during postnatal development. In vitro studies have shown that PACAP promotes cell survival and neurite outgrowth on immature cerebellar granule cells in primary culture. In the present study, we(More)
Caspase-3 knockout mice exhibit thickening of the internal granule cell layer of the cerebellum. Concurrently, it has been shown that intracerebral injection of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) induces a transient increase of the thickness of the cerebellar cortex. In the present study, we have investigated the possible effect of(More)
The distribution and density of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) binding sites as well as PACAP-specific receptor 1 (PAC1-R), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide/PACAP receptor 1 (VPAC1-R), and VPAC2-R mRNAs have been investigated in the rat brain from embryonic day 14 (E14) to postnatal day 8 (P8). Significant numbers of binding(More)
The neurotrophic peptide PACAP (pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide) elevates cAMP in PC12 cells. Forskolin and dibutyryl cAMP mimic PACAP's neuritogenic and cell morphological effects, suggesting that they are driven by cAMP. Comparison of microarray expression profiles after exposure of PC12 cells to either forskolin, dibutyryl cAMP, or(More)
Alcohol exposure during development can cause brain malformations and neurobehavioral abnormalities. In view of the teratogenicity of ethanol, identification of molecules that could counteract the neurotoxic effects of alcohol deserves high priority. Here, we report that pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) can prevent the deleterious(More)
The sphingomyelin-derived messenger ceramides provoke neuronal apoptosis through caspase-3 activation, while the neuropeptide pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) promotes neuronal survival and inhibits caspase-3 activity. However, the mechanisms leading to the opposite regulation of caspase-3 by C2-ceramide and PACAP are currently(More)
Recent advances in 'omic' technologies have created unprecedented opportunities for biological research, but current software and database resources are extremely fragmented. OMICtools is a manually curated metadatabase that provides an overview of more than 4400 web-accessible tools related to genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics. All(More)