Bruno J Chenuel

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This study addresses the following question: does the ventilatory control system adjust total ventilation in accord with the regulatory demands of the physiological dead space ventilation (VD) when the breathing frequency changes, and if so, how? A simple proportionality between the amplitude of the respiratory motor output (VT) and the respiratory period(More)
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that the frequency response of the systems controlling the motor activity of breathing and walking in quadrupeds is compatible with the idea that supra-spinal locomotor centres could proportionally drive locomotion and ventilation. The locomotor and the breath-by-breath ventilatory and gas exchange (CO2 output(More)
The sites and forms of interactions between voluntary breathing acts and automatic respiratory rhythm generation are the subject of considerable research interest. We report here observations of the control of breathing in a patient suffering from an advanced form of progressive supranuclear palsy (Steele-Richardson-Olszewski syndrome). This patient(More)
BACKGROUND Acute hydrogen sulfide (H2S) poisoning produces a coma, the outcome of which ranges from full recovery to severe neurological deficits. The aim of our study was to 1--describe the immediate and long-term neurological effects following H2S-induced coma in un-anesthetized rats, and 2--determine the potential benefit of methylene blue (MB), a(More)
On the basis of studies performed in mice that showed H(2)S inhalation decreasing dramatically the metabolic rate, H(2)S was proposed as a means of protecting vital organs from traumatic or ischemic episodes in humans. Hypoxia has in fact also long been shown to induce hypometabolism. However, this effect is observed solely in small-sized animals with high(More)
The relative importance of peripheral vs. central chemoreceptors in causing apnea/unstable breathing during sleep is unresolved. This has never been tested in an unanesthetized preparation with intact carotid bodies. We studied three unanesthetized dogs during normal sleep in a preparation in which intact carotid body chemoreceptors could be reversibly(More)
The 'cough center' can be tuned by various afferent inputs, suggesting possible interactions at a central level of neural pathways originating from distant anatomical sites. The present study was designed to determine whether brief mechanical stimulation of the trachea can trigger cough during apnea elicited by nasal instillation of water. Twelve(More)
Ventilatory responses to airway mechanical stimulation usually consist in mixed cough (CR) and expiration (ER) reflexes. The stimulus characteristics that would favour either reflex may vary with breathing, but the issue cannot be addressed with the usual long lasting stimulus. The aim of the study was to describe respiratory responses evoked by a punctuate(More)
Periodic breathing is commonly observed in chronic heart failure (CHF) when pulmonary capillary wedge pressure is abnormally high and there is usually concomitant tachypneic hyperventilation. We hypothesized that acute pulmonary hypertension at pressures encountered in CHF and involving all of the lungs and pulmonary vessels would predispose to(More)
Expiration reflex and cough may have distinct afferent pathways and/or central integrative mechanisms that may both result in different stimulus response latencies. A newly described method that uses a punctuate mechanical tracheal stimulus to provoke defensive ventilatory reflexes should allow the stimulus response latency to be calculated with reasonable(More)