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We have established an in vitro system, composed of highly purified bacteriophage lambda and Escherichia coli proteins, that specifically replicates supercoiled templates bearing the lambda replication origin (ori lambda). The complete system is composed of three groups of proteins: the virus-encoded initiator proteins (the lambda O and P proteins), the E.(More)
The O protein of bacteriophage lambda localizes the initiation of DNA replication to a unique site on the lambda genome, ori lambda. By means of electron microscopy, we infer that the binding of O to ori lambda initiates a series of protein addition and transfer reactions that culminate in localized unwinding of the origin DNA, generating a prepriming(More)
Endogenous opioid peptides are locally produced at the inflammatory site where antigens are captured and processed by dendritic cells (DCs). Subsequently, maturing DCs migrate towards draining lymph nodes to initiate T cell response. Given the primordial role of DCs in adaptive immune response, we examined whether opioids may affect the migratory response(More)
Metastatic melanoma is the most aggressive skin cancer. Recently, phenotypically distinct subpopulations of tumor cells were identified. Among them, ABCB5-expressing cells were proposed to display an enhanced tumorigenicity with stem cell-like properties. In addition, ABCB5(+) cells are thought to participate to chemoresistance through a potential efflux(More)
AIMS The in vitro antifungal activity of Brazilian green and red propolis was tested against different species of Trichophyton. METHODS AND RESULTS The antifungal activity of the Brazilian aqueous and alcoholic extracts of the green propolis and the alcoholic extract of red propolis was observed against Trichophyton rubrum, Trichophyton tonsurans and(More)
Th2 lymphocytes differ from other CD4+ T lymphocytes not only by their effector tasks but also by their T cell receptor (TCR)-dependent signaling pathways. We previously showed that dihydropyridine receptors (DHPR) involved in TCR-induced calcium inflow were selectively expressed in Th2 cells. In this report, we studied whether cGMP-dependent protein kinase(More)
RATIONALE Th2 cells orchestrate allergic asthma and the cytokines they produce (IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13) are deleterious in allergy. Therefore, it is important to identify key signaling molecules expressed by Th2 cells that are essential for their function. We have previously shown that dihydropyridines selectively modulate Th2 cell functions. OBJECTIVES(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the current practices of established general practitioners in managing patients with drug and alcohol-related problems and identify gaps in training. A random sample of general practitioners completed a survey assessing diagnostic skills and referral practices concerning alcohol and illicit drug use in general(More)
The bovine liver monoamine oxidase (EC was found to be inactivated by various well-known sulfhydryl reagents like p-mercuribenzoate, methylmercuric iodide and 5,5'-dithiobis-(2-nitro benzoic acid). The present investigation shows that the inactivation of the enzyme results from reactions of these reagents with 2 out of 8 titratable sulfhydryl(More)