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Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) belongs to a new generation of platelet concentrates geared to simplified preparation without biochemical blood handling. In this initial article, we describe the conceptual and technical evolution from fibrin glues to platelet concentrates. This retrospective analysis is necessary for the understanding of fibrin technologies and(More)
Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) belongs to a new generation of platelet concentrates, with simplified processing and without biochemical blood handling. In this second article, we investigate the platelet-associated features of this biomaterial. During PRF processing by centrifugation, platelets are activated and their massive degranulation implies a very(More)
Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) belongs to a new generation of platelet concentrates, with simplified processing and without biochemical blood handling. In this third article, we investigate the immune features of this biomaterial. During PRF processing, leucocytes could also secrete cytokines in reaction to the hemostatic and inflammatory phenomena artificially(More)
The morphometric parameters of the human gingival elastic fiber network were determined by image analysis and compared with human skin elastic fibers in relation to age. Similarly, collagen fibers were also investigated in both tissues. In this study, 47 healthy patients, 10-75 years old were studied for gingiva and another 50 patients in the same age range(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to quantify the amount of matrix metalloproteinases such as MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-3, MMP-7, MMP-9, and MMP-13 and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 expressed by human gingival explants in culture media and the area fraction (AA%) of gingival collagen fibers according to the degree of inflammation,(More)
The amount of elastic fibers from lesional and healthy skin areas of five patients with anetoderma was determined by automated image analysis. Dermal elastic fibers were almost completely absent in anetodermic skin and preelastic fibers were undetectable or extremely rare. Organ cultures were performed using explants from affected and unaffected skin areas(More)
The gum has an exceptional capacity for healing. To examine the basis for this property and explore the potential of conferring it to organs with inferior healing capacity, we sought the presence of progenitor cells in gingival connective tissue. Colony-forming units of fibroblast-enriched cells from gingival fibroblast cultures were assessed for expression(More)
We describe the use of casting native collagen type I in SDS-polyacrylamide gel (collagen zymography) for the determination of interstitial collagenase. As with gelatin, the incorporation of collagen in the gels reduced protein migration and the need for making corrections for an accurate Mr evaluation. This method proved to be very sensitive: 0.1 pg of(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence of the role of cytokines produced by resident and inflammatory cells during inflammation is well established. The aim of this study was to quantify in healthy and diseased human gingiva the area fraction (AA%) occupied by collagen fibers and the amount of cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-4, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor(More)
Oropharyngeal candidiasis is a common opportunistic infection of the oral cavity caused by an overgrowth of candida species, the commonest being Candida albicans. The prevalence in the hospital or institution varies from 13 to 47% of elderly persons. The main clinical types are denture stomatitis, acute atrophic glossitis, thrush and angular cheilitis.(More)