Learn More
In order to maximize their use of light energy in photosynthesis, plants have molecules that act as light-harvesting antennae, which collect light quanta and deliver them to the reaction centres, where energy conversion into a chemical form takes place. The functioning of the antenna responds to the extreme changes in the intensity of sunlight encountered(More)
The electronic transitions of lutein and neoxanthin in the major light-harvesting complex, LHCIIb, have been identified for the first time. It was found that 0-0, 0-1 and 0-2 transitions of neoxanthin were located around 486, 457 and 430 nm, whilst those for lutein were dependent on the oligomerisation state. For the monomer, the absorption bands of lutein(More)
Intense sunlight is dangerous for photosynthetic organisms. Cyanobacteria, like plants, protect themselves from light-induced stress by dissipating excess absorbed energy as heat. Recently, it was discovered that a soluble orange carotenoid protein, the OCP, is essential for this photoprotective mechanism. Here we show that the OCP is also a member of the(More)
Under conditions of excess sunlight the efficient light-harvesting antenna found in the chloroplast membranes of plants is rapidly and reversibly switched into a photoprotected quenched state in which potentially harmful absorbed energy is dissipated as heat, a process measured as the non-photochemical quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence or qE. Although(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV), a major cause of chronic liver disease in humans, is the focus of intense research efforts worldwide. Yet structural data on the viral envelope glycoproteins E1 and E2 are scarce, in spite of their essential role in the viral life cycle. To obtain more information, we developed an efficient production system of recombinant E2(More)
Resonance Raman excitation spectroscopy combined with ultra low temperature absorption spectral analysis of the major xanthophylls of higher plants in isolated antenna and intact thylakoid membranes was used to identify carotenoid absorption regions and study their molecular configuration. The major electronic transitions of the light-harvesting complex of(More)
The B800-850 light-harvesting complex (also called LH2) was isolated from photosynthetic membranes of Rhodospirillum molischianum DSM 119 using molecular sieve and ion-exchange chromatography. Its two bacteriochlorophyll a-binding polypeptides (alpha-subunit and beta-subunit) were purified with a reverse-phase HPLC system. The complete amino acid sequences(More)
We have measured, using infrared spectroscopy, the hydrogen/deuterium exchange rates of the amide protons in the photosynthetic antenna of Rhodospirillum rubrum. These measurements were made not only on the intact protein in detergent solution but also on two dissociated forms (B820 and B777). We have, on the basis of our knowledge of the structure of this(More)
We used a novel method based on allele-specific quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Intplex) for the analysis of circulating cell.free DNA (ccfDNA) to compare total ccfDNA and KRAS- or BRAF-mutated ccfDNA concentrations in blood samples from mice xenografted with the human SW620 colorectal cancer (CRC) cell line and from patients with CRC. Intplex(More)
By dynamic changes in protein structure and function, the photosynthetic membranes of plants are able to regulate the partitioning of absorbed light energy between utilization in photosynthesis and photoprotective non-radiative dissipation of the excess energy. This process is controlled by features of the intact membrane, the transmembrane pH gradient, the(More)