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BACKGROUND A number of US observational studies reported an increased mortality risk with higher intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), calcium and/or phosphate. The existence of such a link in a European haemodialysis population was explored as part of the Analysing Data, Recognising Excellence and Optimising Outcomes (ARO) Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)(More)
Ischemic acute renal failure is characterized by damages to the proximal straight tubule in the outer medulla. Lesions include loss of polarity, shedding into the tubule lumen, and eventually necrotic or apoptotic death of epithelial cells. It was recently shown that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor beta/delta (PPARbeta/delta) increases(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) guidelines recommend evaluating patients with GFR <60 ml/min per 1.73 m(2) for complications, but little evidence supports the use of a single GFR threshold for all metabolic disorders. We used data from the NephroTest cohort, including 1038 adult patients who had stages 2 through 5 CKD and were not on dialysis, to study the(More)
Although nephrotoxicity of cidofovir and adefovir is well established, no renal side effects have been observed yet with tenofovir, which is the third member of this family. The authors report the case of a patient who had Fanconi syndrome, nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, and acute renal failure during treatment with tenofovir, a nucleotide reverse(More)
Stimulation of macrophages with endotoxin and/or cytokines is responsible for the expression of the inducible isoform of nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). Because macrophages are exposed to low pH within the microenvironment of inflammatory lesions, the potential role of acidic pH as an additional regulator of iNOS was investigated. Substitution of the culture(More)
Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 is a growth factor involved in the mechanisms of lung repair and fibrosis that follow inflammatory processes. We sought to examine the link between the generation of reactive oxygen intermediates (ROI) or reactive nitrogen intermediates (RNI) by inflammatory cells and the expression of TGF-beta1 by alveolar epithelial(More)
This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate, during a short period between 2000 and 2001, in a large population of patients with chronic hepatitis C, the epidemiological characteristics of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes in France. Data from 26 referral centres, corresponding to 1769 patients with chronic hepatitis C were collected consecutively(More)
BACKGROUND This study is designed to assess the effect of early and complete correction of anemia by using recombinant human erythropoietin (epoetin) alfa on the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS Patients were randomly assigned to achieve high (13 to 15 g/dL [130 to 150 g/L]) or low (11 to 12 g/dL [110 to 120 g/L]) hemoglobin-level(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS ARO, an observational study of hemodialysis (HD) patients in Europe, aims to enhance our understanding of patient characteristics and practice patterns to improve patient outcome. METHODS HD patients (n = 8,963) from 134 Fresenius Medical Care facilities treated between 2005 and 2006 were randomly selected from 9 European countries (Czech(More)
Macrophage arginine metabolism via nitric oxide (NO) synthase and arginase pathways reduces and enhances tumor cell proliferation, respectively. Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) has been shown to down-regulate the NO synthase pathway. The present study describes the effect of TGF-beta on the arginase pathway. TGF-beta up-regulated arginase(More)