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The popular recreational drug ecstasy (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine=MDMA and related congeners) is neurotoxic upon central serotonergic systems in animal studies. So far, the most convincing evidence for neurotoxicity-related functional deficits in humans derives from neurocognitive studies demonstrating dose-related long-term learning and memory(More)
The present study investigates the influence of depth on pseudoneglect in healthy young participants (n=18) within three-dimensional virtual space, by presenting a variation of the greyscales task and a landmark task, which were specifically matched for stimulus-response compatibility, as well as perceptual factors within and across the tasks. Tasks were(More)
Clinical and experimental evidence suggests a special role of the right hemisphere for alerting and orienting. However, it is not clear whether these attentional aspects should be taken to be independent or interacting. At least on the functional neuroanatomical level there seems to be an overlap in right parietal and frontal cortical structures. In this(More)
It has been proposed that the right hemisphere alerting network co-activates, either directly or via the brainstem, the attention system in the parietal cortex involved in spatial attention. The observation that impaired alertness and sustained attention can predict the outcome of neglect might suggest such a relationship, too. In the present fMRI study, we(More)
Although numbers carry averbal semantics (i.e., magnitude), they are often utilized in verbal Working Memory (vWM) tasks. However, vWM is thought to rely on a purely phonological code. Here, we tested the influence of (a) averbal semantics and (b) different tasks on performance in a vWM context by examining stimulus and task-specific variation of activity(More)
In the present study, we were interested in distinguishing the cortical representations of within-modal and cross-modal divided attention tasks by using functional magnetic resonance imaging. Sixteen healthy male subjects aged between 21 and 30 years underwent two within-modal (auditory/auditory, visual/visual) and one cross-modal (auditory/visual) divided(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the role of the basal ganglia and the thalamus for basic processes of visuospatial attention METHODS Fifteen patients with acute circumscribed vascular lesions (10 with haemorrhage and five with infarction) were included in the study. The lesions were confined exclusively to subcortical structures, such as the basal ganglia,(More)
BACKGROUND Tourette syndrome is a neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by motor and phonic tics. Deficient motor inhibition underlying tics is one of the main hypotheses in its pathophysiology. Therefore the question arises whether this supposed deficient motor inhibition affects also voluntary movements. Despite severe motor tics, different(More)
Intrinsic alertness designates the internal (cognitive) control of wakefulness and arousal; typical tasks to assess optimal levels of intrinsic alertness are simple reaction time (RT) measurements without preceding warning stimuli. Until now, cerebral networks subserving alertness after visual and somatosensory stimulation have been reported. Studies(More)
UNLABELLED Working memory deficits are a cardinal feature of the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Lesion studies and functional blood flow-dependent imaging methods with coarse temporal resolution, such as PET and functional MRI (fMRI), tend to paint a fairly static picture of the cortical regions involved. In contrast, functional transcranial Doppler(More)