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The aim of the present review is to summarise the knowledge about newly isolated acetogenins (ACGs) in the last six years. It will also report the total syntheses that have allowed either the confirmation or the revision of some structures, together with the biological activities and mechanism of action of such interesting natural products. In fact, of the(More)
Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder affecting ~1 % of the population older than 60 years. The administration of the proneurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) in mice is one of the most widely used approach to elucidate the mechanisms of cell death involved in PD. Its toxicity is attributed to(More)
We report in this study the in vivo efficacy of nine 2-substituted quinolines on the Leishmania amazonensis cutaneous infection murine model and on the Leishmania infantum and Leishmania donovani visceral infection murine models. In the case of the L. amazonensis model, quinolines were administered orally at 25 mg/kg twice daily for 15 days. Quinolines 1,(More)
A series of 29 new quinoxalines was synthesized and evaluated in vitro against several parasites (Leishmania donovani, Trypanosoma brucei brucei, and Trichomonas vaginalis). Several of them displayed interesting activities, and particularly four quinoxaline amides showed in vitro antileishmanial properties (IC50 less than 20 microM).
The antiproliferative activities of six medicinal plant extracts from Burkina Faso were evaluated in order to justify their traditional use for the treatment of cancer. The SOS chromotest method was used in vitro on Escherichia coli PQ37 to evaluate the mutagenic effect of the plant extracts. The DPPH method was used to evaluate the antioxidant activity of(More)
Several quinolines were synthesized and evaluated in vitro and in vivo against the nematodes Caenorhabditis elegans, Heligmosomoides polygyrus and the protozoa Trichomonas vaginalis. If some of them have shown in vitro nematocide activity (at 10 microM), however, their trichomonacidal activity reached 50% reduction at only 100 microM. The in vivo activity(More)
We report the synthesis of substituted quinolines and their in vitro biological evaluation against the causal agents of cutaneous leishmaniasis, visceral leishmaniasis, African trypanosomiasis and Chagas' disease. Furthermore, several quinolines have also been tested for their anti-retroviral activity in HIV-1 infected cells. The structure-activity(More)
The absolute configuration (AC) of the antiprotozoal lactone, Klaivanolide, 1, from Uvaria klaineana, has been determined using Vibrational Circular Dichroism (VCD) spectroscopy. The experimental VCD spectrum of the (+) enantiomer of 1 was measured. To analyze the AC of (+)-1, the conformationally-averaged VCD spectrum of 7-S-1 was calculated using density(More)
Several quinolines were synthesized and evaluated in vitro against several parasites (Trypanosoma brucei, T. cruzi, Leishmania infantum, L. amazonensis, Plasmodium falciparum). Then, they were evaluated in vitro (at 10 microM), against HTLV-1 transformed cells. A few of them displayed interesting activities, comparable to the reference drugs.