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BACKGROUND C-kit is a transmembrane tyrosine kinase protein thought to play an important role in tumourigenesis. With the development of the compound imatinib mesylate, which specifically inhibits tyrosine kinase receptors, C-kit has emerged as a potential therapeutic target. This study aims to determine the immunoexpression of C-kit in retinoblastoma and(More)
BACKGROUND Recent evidence has suggested a role for toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) in experimental models of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). To date, however, few data exist about TLR3 in human AMD. The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression of TLR3 in human choroidal neovascular (CNV) membranes. METHODS Immunostaining for TLR3 was(More)
Although rare, uveal melanoma is the most common intraocular tumor in adults. Most cases arise from the choroidal layer of the uvea, displaying a discoid, collar-button, or mushroom shaped growth. Histopathologically, neoplasms are classified by the dominant cell type: spindle, epithelioid or mixed spindle cell type. The most important prognostic factors(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS To evaluate and compare cardiovascular effects (blood pressure and heart rate) of phenylephrine 2.5% versus phenylephrine 10%, and compare pupil diameter before and after instillation of eyedrops. METHODS A total of 58 patients scheduled for funduscopy were dilated with either phenylephrine 2.5% and tropicamide 1% (group 0, n = 29(More)
Background Ocular melanoma is easily treated by the removal of the eye or through plaque radiotherapy. However, after removal or control of the primary tumor, patients can develop fatal liver metastases up to 20 years later. It has been reported that difficulties in imaging single cells and the propensity for tumor cells to replicate rapidly in animal(More)
Uveal melanoma arises from melanocytes located in the uveal tract of the eye and is the most common primary intraocular tumor in adults. Metastatic liver disease is the overwhelming cause of death in uveal melanoma patients, with almost 50% of patients developing liver metastases up to 15 years after diagnosis. Most of these patients do not present with any(More)
PURPOSE Uveal melanoma (UM) is the most common primary malignant intraocular tumour in adults. Forty-five percent of UM patients develop metastasis within 15 years of initial diagnosis. KISS1, a human metastasis suppressor gene, has been reported to play a role in various human malignancies. The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression of(More)
Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is the most prevalent systemic mycosis in immunocompetent individuals in Brazil. Ocular infection by PCM is rare; however, when infection does occur, the most common ocular sites involved are eyelid and conjunctiva. A 68-year-old white male presented with a 2-month history of a painless, ulcerated, infiltrative and diffuse(More)
During the study period, 10,675 human ophthalmic specimens were received at The Henry C. Witelson Ophthalmic Pathology Laboratory and Registry, McGill University, Montreal, Canada. Of those, 271 were conjunctival lesions (2.5%), with 101 being classified as melanocytic: 50 (49.5%) nevi, 36 (35.6%) primary acquired melanoses, and 15 (14.9%) melanomas. After(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the proliferation rates of five human uveal melanoma (UM) cell lines after treatment with amfenac, a cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitor, and subsequent radiation exposure. METHODS Five human UM cell lines (92.1, SP6.5, MKT-BR, OCM-1, and UW-1) and one human fibroblast cell line (BJ) were incubated with amfenac. Treated and non-treated(More)