Bruno Dubé

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A bidomain reaction-diffusion model of the human heart was developed, and potentials resulting from normal depolarization and repolarization were compared with results from a compatible monodomain model. Comparisons were made for an empty isolated heart and for a heart with fluid-filled ventricles. Both sinus rhythm and ectopic activation were simulated.(More)
The boundary-element method (BEM) is widely used for electrocardiogram (ECG) simulation. Its major disadvantage is its perceived inability to deal with the anisotropic electric conductivity of the myocardial interstitium, which led researchers to represent only intracellular anisotropy or neglect anisotropy altogether. We computed ECGs with a BEM model(More)
Using wavelets, we computed the entropy of the signal at various frequency levels (wavelet time entropy) and, thus, find an optimal measure to differentiate normal states from ischemic ones. This new indicator is independent from the ST segment and yet provide a conclusive detection of the ischemic states.
The simulation of the propagation of electrical activity in a membrane-based realistic-geometry computer model of the ventricles of the human heart, using the governing monodomain reaction-diffusion equation, is described. Each model point is represented by the phase 1 Luo-Rudy membrane model, modified to represent human action potentials. A separate longer(More)
—We implemented a recent model of the human ven-tricular cell membrane in our existing human heart model comprising 12 million cells. Using an inhomogeneous torso model, a normal ECG was simulated, as well as ECGs for a membrane model with modified transient outward current. We also investigated the effect of cellular coupling in the heart on the action(More)
A bidomain reaction-diffusion model of the human heart was developed and potentials resulting from normal depolarization and repolarization were compared with results from a compatible monodomain model. Comparisons were made for an empty isolated heart and for a heart with fluid-filled ventricles. Both sinus rhythm and ectopic activation were simulated. The(More)
Computer models of cardiac activation are constantly growing in terms of accuracy and resource usage. The availability of powerful parallel computers has allowed us to create a program that computes intracellular and extracel-lular potentials in a model of a complete human heart, basing on a model of the ionic currents in the cell membrane and the bidomain(More)
Analysis of T waves in the ECG is an essential clinical tool for diagnosis, monitoring, and follow-up of patients with heart dysfunction. During atrial flutter, this analysis has been so far limited by the perturbation of flutter waves superimposed over the T wave. This paper presents a method based on missing data interpolation for eliminating flutter(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of Post-CABG atrial fibrillation (AF) lies between 25% and 40%. It worsens morbidity and raises post-operative costs. Detection of incoming AF soon enough for prophylactic intervention would be helpful. The study is to investigate the electrophysiological changes preceding the onset of AF and their relationship to the preoperative(More)
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