Learn More
A bidomain reaction-diffusion model of the human heart was developed, and potentials resulting from normal depolarization and repolarization were compared with results from a compatible monodomain model. Comparisons were made for an empty isolated heart and for a heart with fluid-filled ventricles. Both sinus rhythm and ectopic activation were simulated.(More)
With the advent of catheter ablation procedures, it has become an important goal to predict noninvasively the site of origin of ventricular tachycardia. Site classifications based on the observed body surface potential maps (BSPMs) during ventricular endocardial pacing, as well as on the patterns of the QRS integrals of these maps, have been suggested. The(More)
Using wavelets, we computed the entropy of the signal at various frequency levels (wavelet time entropy) and, thus, find an optimal measure to differentiate normal states from ischemic ones. This new indicator is independent from the ST segment and yet provide a conclusive detection of the ischemic states.
The accuracy of different computation techniques for the non-invasive localization of cardiac ectopic activity was evaluated. Body surface potentials were recorded from 63 leads in 14 patients with implanted pacemakers. The location, orientation and magnitude of a single moving dipole (SMD) were computed from the first eight terms of a truncated multipole(More)
We implemented a recent model of the human ventricular cell membrane in our existing human heart model comprising 12 million cells. Using an inhomogeneous torso model, a normal ECG was simulated, as well as ECGs for a membrane model with modified transient outward current. We also investigated the effect of cellular coupling in the heart on the action(More)
This paper describes an unsupervised signal processing method applied to three-channel unipolar electrograms recorded from human atria. These were obtained by epicardial wires sutured on the right and left atria after coronary artery bypass surgery. Atrial (A) and ventricular (V) activations had to be detected and identified on each channel, and gathered(More)
The boundary-element method (BEM) is widely used for electrocardiogram (ECG) simulation. Its major disadvantage is its perceived inability to deal with the anisotropic electric conductivity of the myocardial interstitium, which led researchers to represent only intracellular anisotropy or neglect anisotropy altogether. We computed ECGs with a BEM model(More)
To compare the effects of valsartan and amlodipine alone or in combination on plasma norepinephrine (NE) at rest and standing for 10 minutes in patients with hypertension, 47 patients with a sitting diastolic blood pressure (BP) (DBP)>95 mm Hg and<110 mm Hg were randomized in a double-blind fashion to either valsartan or amlodipine. During the first 4 weeks(More)
The simulation of the propagation of electrical activity in a membrane-based realistic-geometry computer model of the ventricles of the human heart, using the governing monodomain reaction-diffusion equation, is described. Each model point is represented by the phase 1 Luo-Rudy membrane model, modified to represent human action potentials. A separate longer(More)
The main goal of this study was to simulate clinical body surface potential maps, recorded during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty protocols, using a realistic geometry computer heart model. Other objectives were to address the question of reciprocal ST-segment changes observed in the 12-lead electrocardiogram during ischemia and to verify the(More)