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An understanding of the genetic determinism of frost tolerance is a prerequisite for the development of frost tolerant cultivars for cold northern areas. In legumes, it is not known to which extent vernalization requirement or photoperiod responsiveness are necessary for the development of frost tolerance. In pea (Pisum sativum L.) however, the flowering(More)
Pea (Pisum sativum L.) productivity is linked to its ability to cope with abiotic stresses such as low temperatures during fall and winter. In this study, we investigate the chloroplast-related changes occurring during pea cold acclimation, in order to further lead to genetic improvement of its field performance. Champagne and Térèse, two pea lines with(More)
Two pea lines (Pisum sativum L.) with contrasted behaviours towards chilling and subsequent frost were studied by a proteomic approach to better understand cold acclimation. Following a chilling period, the Champagne line becomes tolerant to frost whereas Terese remains sensitive. Variance analysis allowed to select 260 statistically variable spots with 68(More)
Freezing provokes severe yield losses to different fall-sown annual legumes. Understanding the molecular bases of freezing tolerance is of great interest for breeding programs. Medicago truncatula Gaertn. is an annual temperate forage legume that has been chosen as a model species for agronomically and economically important legume crops. The present study(More)
Freezing is a major environmental limitation to crop productivity for a number of species including legumes. We investigated the genetic determinism of freezing tolerance in the model legume Medicago truncatula Gaertn (M. truncatula). After having observed a large variation for freezing tolerance among 15 M. truncatula accessions, the progeny of a F6(More)
Cold stress affects plant growth and development. In order to better understand the responses to cold (chilling or freezing tolerance), we used two contrasted pea lines. Following a chilling period, the Champagne line becomes tolerant to frost whereas the Terese line remains sensitive. Four suppression subtractive hybridisation libraries were obtained using(More)
In order to distinguish chilling and freezing tolerance mechanisms in pea, responses to cold exposure were compared between the freezing tolerant line Champagne and the sensitive line Terese. Global gene expression was considered in the two lines and associated with morphological, histological and biochemical approaches. The chilling tolerance in both lines(More)
To increase yield in pea (Pisum sativum L.), autumn sowing would be preferable. Hence, frost tolerance of pea became a major trait of interest for breeders. In order to better understand the cold acclimation in pea, Champagne a frost tolerant line and Terese, a frost sensitive line, and their recombinant inbred lines (RIL) were studied. RIL frost tolerance(More)
After differential screening of a cDNA library corresponding to genes expressed during the early stages of somatic embryogenesis in leaf tissue from the Cichorium hybrid '474' (C. intybus L., var. sativumxC. endivia L., var. latifolia) a nonsymbiotic hemoglobin cDNA was obtained. Studies of the expression of the gene corresponding to this clone by Northern(More)
Twenty-three independent kanamycin resistant lines were obtained after cocultivation of longterm embryogenic cultures of three Asparagus officinalis L. genotypes with an Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain harboring ß-glucuronidase and neomycin phosphotransferase II genes. All the lines showed ß-glucuronidase activity by histological staining. DNA analysis by(More)