Bruno Delbreil

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An understanding of the genetic determinism of frost tolerance is a prerequisite for the development of frost tolerant cultivars for cold northern areas. In legumes, it is not known to which extent vernalization requirement or photoperiod responsiveness are necessary for the development of frost tolerance. In pea (Pisum sativum L.) however, the flowering(More)
Twenty-three independent kanamycin resistant lines were obtained after cocultivation of longterm embryogenic cultures of three Asparagus officinalis L. genotypes with an Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain harboring ß-glucuronidase and neomycin phosphotransferase II genes. All the lines showed ß-glucuronidase activity by histological staining. DNA analysis by(More)
After differential screening of a cDNA library corresponding to genes expressed during the early stages of somatic embryogenesis in leaf tissue from the Cichorium hybrid '474' (C. intybus L., var. sativumxC. endivia L., var. latifolia) a nonsymbiotic hemoglobin cDNA was obtained. Studies of the expression of the gene corresponding to this clone by Northern(More)
Freezing is a major environmental limitation to crop productivity for a number of species including legumes. We investigated the genetic determinism of freezing tolerance in the model legume Medicago truncatula Gaertn (M. truncatula). After having observed a large variation for freezing tolerance among 15 M. truncatula accessions, the progeny of a F6(More)
In order to distinguish chilling and freezing tolerance mechanisms in pea, responses to cold exposure were compared between the freezing tolerant line Champagne and the sensitive line Terese. Global gene expression was considered in the two lines and associated with morphological, histological and biochemical approaches. The chilling tolerance in both lines(More)
Mature pollen protoplasts (n) isolated from kanamycin resistant plants of Nicotiana tabacum (2n = 4x = 48) were fused with somatic mesophyll protoplasts (2n) of Nicotiana plumbaginifolia (2n = 20) to produce plants. A total of 3.6·106 mature pollen protoplasts were fused with 7·106 mesophyll protoplasts using a PEG/Ca2+ method. Mature pollen protoplasts did(More)
Pea (Pisum sativum L.) productivity is linked to its ability to cope with abiotic stresses such as low temperatures during fall and winter. In this study, we investigate the chloroplast-related changes occurring during pea cold acclimation, in order to further lead to genetic improvement of its field performance. Champagne and Térèse, two pea lines with(More)
Two pea lines (Pisum sativum L.) with contrasted behaviours towards chilling and subsequent frost were studied by a proteomic approach to better understand cold acclimation. Following a chilling period, the Champagne line becomes tolerant to frost whereas Terese remains sensitive. Variance analysis allowed to select 260 statistically variable spots with 68(More)
Cold stress affects plant growth and development. In order to better understand the responses to cold (chilling or freezing tolerance), we used two contrasted pea lines. Following a chilling period, the Champagne line becomes tolerant to frost whereas the Terese line remains sensitive. Four suppression subtractive hybridisation libraries were obtained using(More)
Freezing is one of the most serious abiotic stress factors that affect cool-season legumes. It limits species geographic distribution and causes severe yield losses. Improving tolerance to freezing has long been a main concern for legume breeders. Medicago truncatula Gaertn. has been selected as a model species for legume biology. Various studies have shown(More)