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Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) is crucially involved in the fibrotic events characterizing interstitial lung diseases (ILDs), as well as in the airway remodeling process typical of asthma. Within such a context, the aim of our study was to investigate, in primary cultures of normal and fibrotic human lung fibroblasts (HLFs), the effects of(More)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) has been shown to regulate numerous and diverse cell functions, including smooth muscle contraction. Here we assessed the role of S1P/Sphingosine kinase (SPK) pathway in the regulation of bronchial tone. Our objective was to determine, using an integrated pharmacologic and molecular approach, (1) the role of S1P as endogenous(More)
Cannabinoids have been shown to inhibit sensory nerve activation in guinea-pigs and humans. Their effects are mediated by specific activation of two types of receptors, named CB(1) and CB(2). The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of WIN 55,212-2,(More)
Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is a sphingolipid mediator that is involved in diverse biological functions. Local administration of S1P causes inflammation coupled to a large eosinophil (EO) recruitment in the rat-paw tissue. The inflammatory response is accompanied by an increase in S1P receptors, namely S1P(1), S1P(2), S1P(3), and by an enhanced expression(More)
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is implicated in the fibrotic responses characterizing interstitial lung diseases, as well as in the airway remodeling process occurring in asthma. Within such a context, the aim of our study was to investigate, in primary cultures of normal human lung fibroblasts (NHLFs), the ET-1 receptor subtypes, and the intracellular signal(More)
Gastro-oesophageal reflux is a common clinical disorder associated with a variety of respiratory symptoms, including chronic cough and exacerbation of asthma. In this study, the potential role of acid-induced tachykinin release was examined in guinea pigs and rabbits, by examining the effects of the tachykinin NK1 and NK3 receptors antagonists (SR 140333(More)
We report here the synthesis and preliminary pharmacological characterization of a novel Neurokinin A receptor antagonist. This molecule contains a dehydroalanine residue. It displays a high conformational rigidity and possesses very high activity. Its pharmacological properties as a neurokinin A receptor antagonist were assessed in in vitro experiments on(More)
We have investigated the role of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) on adenosine-induced guinea-pig trachea contraction. R-N6-phenylisopropyladenosine (R-PIA), an A1 receptor subtype agonist, induced a concentration-dependent contraction of tracheal rings. The pD2 values were 7.43 +/- 0.26. A 30-min pretreatment with 1,3-dipropyl-8-amino-4-clorophenylxantine(More)
Allergen exposure may induce changes in the brainstem secondary neurons, with neural sensitization of the nucleus solitary tract (NTS), which in turn can be considered one of the causes of the airway hyperresponsiveness, a characteristic feature of asthma. We evaluated neurofunctional, morphological, and biochemical changes in the NTS of naive or sensitized(More)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a bioactive sphingolipid that plays important roles in allergic responses, including asthma. S1P acts on many cell types, such as mast cells, the airway epithelium, airway smooth muscle, and many immune cells. In this study we have evaluated whether a systemic administration of S1P to Balb/c mice modifies airway reactivity.(More)