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OBJECTIVES In healthy subjects, the neural correlates of visceral pain bear much similarity with the correlates of somatic pain. In patients with irritable bowel syndrome, the central nervous system is believed to play a strong modulatory or etiological role in the pathophysiology of the disease. We hypothesize that this role must be reflected in(More)
Over the past few decades, corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) signaling pathways have been shown to be the main coordinators of the endocrine, behavioral, and immune responses to stress. Emerging evidence also links the activation of CRF receptors type 1 and type 2 with stress-related alterations of gut motor function. Here, we review the role of CRF(More)
BACKGROUND The brain and the gut communicate bidirectionally through the autonomic nervous system (ANS). The vagus nerve (VN), a major component of the ANS, plays a key role in the neuro-endocrine-immune axis to maintain homeostasia through its afferents (through the activation of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis and the central ANS) and through its(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF)-like peptides mediate their effects via two receptor subtypes, CRF1 and CRF2; these receptors have functional implication in the motility of the stomach and colon in rats. We evaluated expression and functions of CRF1 and CRF2 receptors in the rat small intestine (i.e., duodenum and ileum). CRF(1-2)-like immunoreactivity(More)
Dynamic Causal Modelling (DCM) has been proposed to estimate neuronal connectivity from functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) using a biophysical model that links synaptic activity to hemodynamic processes. However, it is well known that fMRI is sensitive not only to neuronal activity, but also to many other psychophysiological responses which may be(More)
In vivo studies suggest that corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF) and CRF-like peptides, urocortin 1 (UCN 1) and UCN 2, inhibit gastric emptying and stimulate colonic motility through CRF2 and CRF1 receptors, respectively. We evaluated expression and functions of CRF, UCN 1, UCN 2 and CRF1 and CRF2 receptors in the rat gastric antrum. Tissues were(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of an acute versus a chronic immobilization stress on the genetic expression of c-fos and corticotropin-releasing factor type 1 receptor (CRF1 receptor) in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the rat hypothalamus. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to either a single 90-min immobilization stress or the(More)
Chronic abdominal pain is the most distressing symptom in patients with functional digestive disorders (FDD). IBS is the most common gastrointestinal disorder seen in primary care and gastroenterology practice. IBS is a functional bowel disorder in which abdominal pain is associated with defaecation or a change in bowel habit, with features of disordered(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Although the central processing of somatic pain has been dealt with in numerous brain imaging studies, the neural correlates of visceral pain have received much more limited attention. Our goal was to assess the feasibility of detecting brain activation patterns induced by rectal pain by means of functional MR imaging. We hypothesized(More)
Cold-restraint alters gastrointestinal function through vagal pathways. Immunohistochemical detection of the nuclear phosphoprotein Fos (Fos-IR) was used to map brain neuronal pathways activated by cold exposure for 3 h in fasted rats maintained individually in semi-cylindrical restraining cages. Gastric lesions and fecal pellet output were also monitored.(More)