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The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of an acute versus a chronic immobilization stress on the genetic expression of c-fos and corticotropin-releasing factor type 1 receptor (CRF1 receptor) in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the rat hypothalamus. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to either a single 90-min immobilization stress or the(More)
OBJECTIVES In healthy subjects, the neural correlates of visceral pain bear much similarity with the correlates of somatic pain. In patients with irritable bowel syndrome, the central nervous system is believed to play a strong modulatory or etiological role in the pathophysiology of the disease. We hypothesize that this role must be reflected in(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF)-like peptides mediate their effects via two receptor subtypes, CRF1 and CRF2; these receptors have functional implication in the motility of the stomach and colon in rats. We evaluated expression and functions of CRF1 and CRF2 receptors in the rat small intestine (i.e., duodenum and ileum). CRF(1-2)-like immunoreactivity(More)
BACKGROUND Data concerning small bowel adenocarcinoma (SBA) in Crohn's disease (CD) come from case reports and small retrospective series. The aim of this study was to further describe SBA in patients with CD and compare it with SBA de novo. METHODS Twenty patients with CD with SBA recruited in French university hospitals were studied and compared with 40(More)
BACKGROUND Tioguanine (TG) is an antimetabolite which may be regarded as an alternative to azathioprine (AZA)/mercaptopurine (MP) in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases. AIMS : To evaluate the tolerance and efficacy of TG in patients with Crohn's disease, intolerant or resistant to AZA/MP. METHODS An open prospective study was made on Crohn's(More)
Over the past few decades, corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) signaling pathways have been shown to be the main coordinators of the endocrine, behavioral, and immune responses to stress. Emerging evidence also links the activation of CRF receptors type 1 and type 2 with stress-related alterations of gut motor function. Here, we review the role of CRF(More)
We previously reported that abdominal surgery induces Fos expression in specific hypothalamic and medullary nuclei and also causes gastric stasis. The gastric ileus is reduced by systemic capsaicin and abolished by central injection of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) antagonist. We studied the influence of systemic capsaicin and intracerebroventricular(More)
Psycho-neuro-endocrine-immune modulation through the brain-gut axis likely has a key role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The brain-gut axis involves interactions among the neural components, including (1) the autonomic nervous system, (2) the central nervous system, (3) the stress system (hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis), (4)(More)
Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity (NCGS) is a syndrome characterized by intestinal and extra-intestinal symptoms related to the ingestion of gluten-containing food, in subjects that are not affected by either celiac disease or wheat allergy. Given the lack of a NCGS biomarker, there is the need for standardizing the procedure leading to the diagnosis(More)
Previous neuropharmacological studies indicate that brain peptides are involved in mediating gastric stasis induced by abdominal surgery. Central pathways activated by abdominal surgery were investigated in the rat by using Fos protein as a marker of neuronal activation. Abdominal surgery (laparotomy alone or combined with cecal manipulation) was performed(More)