Bruno Blondel

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1. An insulin-producing cell line, RINm5F, derived from a rat insulinoma was studied. 2. The cellular content of immunoreactive insulin was 0.19 pg/cell, which represents approx. 1% of the insulin content of native rat beta-cells, whereas that of immunoreactive glucagon and somatostatin was five to six orders of magnitude less than that of native alpha- or(More)
Insulin secretion was studied using adult rat intact islets, dissociated isolated islet cells, and isolated islet cells that had been allowed to reaggregate. The three preparations were maintained for 2 h in tisue culture medium at 37 C in order to allow for equilibration after the isolation procedures and to permit restoration of contacts between the(More)
Between October 2001 and April 2002, five cases of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) associated with type 2 vaccine-derived polioviruses (VDPVs) were reported in the southern province of the Republic of Madagascar. To determine viral factors that favor the emergence of these pathogenic VDPVs, we analyzed in detail their genomic and phenotypic characteristics(More)
Poliovirus (PV)-induced apoptosis seems to play a major role in tissue injury in the central nervous system (CNS). We have previously shown that this process involves PV-induced Bax-dependent mitochondrial dysfunction mediated by early JNK activation in IMR5 neuroblastoma cells. We showed here that PV simultaneously activates the phosphatidylinositol(More)
Post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS) makes possible new approaches for studying the various steps of the viral cycle. Plus-strand RNA viruses appear to be attractive targets for small interfering RNAs (siRNAs), as their genome functions as both mRNA and replication template. PTGS creates an alternative to classic reverse genetics for viruses with(More)
Expression of a 2.3-kb RNA species is induced in mammary tumors as a consequence of insertional mutagenesis at the int-3 locus by the mouse mammary tumor virus. The nucleotide sequence and biological activity of this mammary tumor-specific int-3 RNA species were determined. It contains an open reading frame which encodes a 57-kDa protein. The translated(More)
Hybridoma cell lines were established against poliovirus type 1 (Mahoney) heat-denatured virions (C particles). Each anti-C monoclonal antibody (McAb) immunoprecipitated specifically one of the individualized poliovirus capsid polypeptides VP1, VP2, or VP3. One of the anti-C McAb (C-3), reacting with VP1, neutralized homologous virus and immunoprecipitated(More)