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The members of the chimaerin family of Rac-GTPase-activating proteins possess a single C1 domain with high homology to those present in protein kinase C (PKC) isozymes. This domain in PKCs is involved in phorbol ester and diacylglycerol (DAG) binding. We previously have demonstrated that one of the chimaerin isoforms, beta2-chimaerin, binds phorbol esters(More)
Eight large chemical databases have been analyzed and compared to each other. Central to this comparison is the open National Cancer Institute (NCI) database, consisting of approximately 250 000 structures. The other databases analyzed are the Available Chemicals Directory ("ACD," from MDL, release 1.99, 3D-version); the ChemACX ("ACX," from CamSoft,(More)
A Web-based, graphical user interface has been developed to conduct rapid searches by numerous criteria in the more than 250,000 structures of the Open NCI Database. It is based on the chemistry information toolkit CACTVS. Nearly all structures and anticancer and anti-HIV screening data provided by NCI's Developmental Therapeutics Program have been(More)
Our previous study showed differential subcellular localization of protein kinase C (PKC) delta by phorbol esters and related ligands, using a green fluorescent protein-tagged construct in living cells. Here we compared the abilities of a series of symmetrically substituted phorbol 12,13-diesters to translocate PKC delta. In vitro, the derivatives bound to(More)
A data set of 379 drugs and drug analogs that are metabolized by human cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoforms 3A4, 2D6, and 2C9, respectively, was studied. A series of descriptor sets directly calculable from the constitution of these drugs was systematically investigated as to their power into classifying a compound into the CYP isoform that metabolizes it. In a(More)
A number of inexpensive computers were benchmarked with the ab initio program Gaussian 94, using both small standard test jobs and larger density functional (DFT) calculations. Several varieties of Pentium (x86) and Alpha CPU based systems were tested. Most of them were running under the open source code operating system Linux. They were compared with(More)
The binding mode of DAG-lactones to PK-C was investigated using the C1b domain from the X-ray structure of the phorbol ester/C1b complex of PK-C delta as a template. Modeling experiments revealed two binding alternatives in which one of the carbonyls of the DAG lactones remained uninvolved with the protein. Experimentally, however, the removal of either(More)
The design of potent protein kinase C (PK-C) ligands with low nanomolar binding affinities was accomplished by the combined use of pharmacophore- and receptor-guided approaches based on the structure of the physiological enzyme activator, diacylglycerol (DAG). Earlier use of the former approach, which was based on the structural equivalence of DAG and(More)
Chemotypes are a new approach for representing molecules, chemical substructures and patterns, reaction rules, and reactions. Chemotypes are capable of integrating types of information beyond what is possible using current representation methods (e.g., SMARTS patterns) or reaction transformations (e.g., SMIRKS, reaction SMILES). Chemotypes are expressed in(More)