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Propensity Score Matching (PSM) has become a popular approach to estimate causal effects. It relies on the assumption that selection into treatment can be explained purely in terms of observable characteristics (unconfoundedness assumption) and on the property that balancing on the propensity score is equivalent to balancing on the observed covariates. The(More)
This article focuses on the implementation of propensity score matching for clustered data. Different approaches to reduce bias due to cluster-level confounders are considered and compared using Monte Carlo simulations. We investigated methods that exploit the clustered structure of the data in two ways: in the estimation of the propensity score model(More)
NON TECHNICAL SUMMARY Childcare arrangements are a key element in the work decisions by mothers insofar as they are fundamental to the extent to which women manage to juggle childcare and participation in the labour market. In traditional economic models of female labour market participation childcare is usually thought as being provided by the market.(More)
This publication is part of the proposed Special Collection "Intergenerational family ties in Europe: Multiple linkages between individuals, families and social contexts", edited by Pearl Dykstra. This open-access work is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License 2.0 Germany, which permits use, reproduction &(More)
OBJECTIVES Guided by the acknowledged importance of measures of aging alternative to chronological age, we explored the association between subjective age, on the one hand, and having grandchildren and provision of grandchild care, on the other, by gender and age groups. METHOD Data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS; N = 1,701 men and 2,395 women(More)
BACKGROUND Female-breadwinner families represent a relatively new phenomenon in Europe. Little is known about the determinants of this couple type, which sensibly diverts from the traditional economic superiority of men within the household. OBJECTIVE This paper studies the contextual correlates of partners’ contribution to the household income,(More)
Motivated by the evaluation of the effect of GATT, we investigate the role of network information in propensity score matching. Under the assumption of strong ignorability, propensity score matching (PSM) is a widely used technique in causal inference studies to adjust for bias arising from an unbalanced distribution of observed confounders between a(More)
This article investigates whether and how having a child impacts an individual's subjective well-being, while taking into account heterogeneity in family attitudes. People with different family orientations have different values, gender attitudes, preferences toward career and family, and expectations about how childbearing can affect their subjective(More)