Bruno Arpino

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Propensity Score Matching (PSM) has become a popular approach to estimate causal effects. It relies on the assumption that selection into treatment can be explained purely in terms of observable characteristics (unconfoundedness assumption) and on the property that balancing on the propensity score is equivalent to balancing on the observed covariates. The(More)
BACKGROUND It is well known that the provision of public childcare plays an important role for women labour force participation and its availability varies tremendously across countries. In many countries, informal childcare is also important and typically provided by the grandparents, but its role on mothers’ employment is not yet well understood.(More)
In the traditional models of female labour supply formal childcare is assumed to be provided by the market. This is not the case in most European countries. In this paper we estimate the causal effect of a particular kind of informal care, the one provided by grandparents, on mothers’ work decisions in Italy. We deal with the endogeneity due to mothers’ and(More)
This article focuses on the implementation of propensity score matching for clustered data. Different approaches to reduce bias due to cluster-level confounders are considered and compared using Monte Carlo simulations. We investigated methods that exploit the clustered structure of the data in two ways: in the estimation of the propensity score model(More)
The paper investigates the role of multi-level structures in poverty analysis based on household level data. We demonstrate how multi-level models can be applied to standard poverty analysis and highlight its usefulness in terms of assessing the extent community characteristics matter in determining poverty status and dynamics. We provide two applications.(More)
Estimating the effects of demographic events on households’ living standards introduces a range of statistical issues. In this paper we analyze this topic considering our observational study as a quasi-experiment in which the treatment is expressed by childbearing events between two time points and the outcome is the change in equivalized household(More)
OBJECTIVES Guided by the acknowledged importance of measures of aging alternative to chronological age, we explored the association between subjective age, on the one hand, and having grandchildren and provision of grandchild care, on the other, by gender and age groups. METHOD Data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS; N = 1,701 men and 2,395 women(More)
BACKGROUND Female-breadwinner families represent a relatively new phenomenon in Europe. Little is known about the determinants of this couple type, which sensibly diverts from the traditional economic superiority of men within the household. OBJECTIVE This paper studies the contextual correlates of partners’ contribution to the household income,(More)
Motivated by the evaluation of the effect of GATT, we investigate the role of network information in propensity score matching. Under the assumption of strong ignorability, propensity score matching (PSM) is a widely used technique in causal inference studies to adjust for bias arising from an unbalanced distribution of observed confounders between a(More)
This article investigates whether and how having a child impacts an individual's subjective well-being, while taking into account heterogeneity in family attitudes. People with different family orientations have different values, gender attitudes, preferences toward career and family, and expectations about how childbearing can affect their subjective(More)