Bruno Allard

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Caenorhabditis elegans is a powerful model system widely used to investigate the relationships between genes and complex behaviors like locomotion. However, physiological studies at the cellular level have been restricted by the difficulty to dissect this microscopic animal. Thus, little is known about the properties of body wall muscle cells used for(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy results from the lack of dystrophin, a cytoskeletal protein associated with the inner surface membrane, in skeletal muscle. The cellular mechanisms responsible for the progressive skeletal muscle degeneration that characterizes the disease are still debated. One hypothesis suggests that the resting sarcolemmal permeability for(More)
Caveolins are membrane scaffolding proteins that associate with and regulate a variety of signalling proteins, including ion channels. A deficiency in caveolin-3 (Cav-3), the major striated muscle isoform, is responsible for skeletal muscle disorders, such as limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 1C (LGMD 1C). The molecular mechanisms leading to the muscle wasting(More)
The Caenorhabditis elegans SLO-1 channel belongs to the family of calcium-activated large conductance BK potassium channels. SLO-1 has been shown to be involved in neurotransmitter release and ethanol response. Here, we report that SLO-1 also has a critical role in muscles. Inactivation of the slo-1 gene in muscles leads to phenotypes similar to those(More)
The properties of K(+) channels in body wall muscle cells acutely dissected from the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans were investigated at the macroscopic and unitary level using an in situ patch clamp technique. In the whole-cell configuration, depolarizations to potentials positive to -40 mV gave rise to outward currents resulting from the activation of(More)
Skeletal muscle contraction is triggered by the excitation-contraction (E-C) coupling machinery residing at the triad, a membrane structure formed by the juxtaposition of T-tubules and sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) cisternae. The formation and maintenance of this structure is key for muscle function but is not well characterized. We have investigated the(More)
1. The effects of metabolic poisoning, intracellular Mg(2+) and pH on ATP-dependent K+ (K+ATP) channels were examined in adult mouse isolated skeletal muscle fibres using the patch clamp technique. 2. In cell-attached membrane patches, while openings of one kind of channel could only rarely be detected under control conditions, cell poisoning with(More)
The patch-clamp technique (single-channel recordings) was used to study the effects of glibenclamide and some channel openers on the KATP channel in mouse skeletal muscle. In outside/out membrane patches, glibenclamide reversibly inhibited KATP channel activity in a dose-dependent manner with an apparent Ki of 190 nM. In inside/out membrane patches, RP(More)
The protonation state and intracellular distribution of ellipticine were investigated in single human mammary T47D cells by confocal laser microspectrofluorimetry. In the cell nucleus, only the protonated form of ellipticine was detected as a direct consequence of its apparent pK increase upon DNA binding. Both protonated and neutral forms were present in(More)
Extensive studies performed in nonexcitable cells and expression systems have shown that type 1 transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC1) channels operate mainly in plasma membranes and open through phospholipase C-dependent processes, membrane stretch, or depletion of Ca(2+) stores. In skeletal muscle, it is proposed that TRPC1 channels are involved(More)