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UNLABELLED We present software for integrated analysis of brain PET studies and coregistered segmented MRI that couples a module for automated placement of regions of interest (ROI) with 4 alternative methods for partial-volume-effect correction (PVEc). The accuracy and precision of these methods have been measured using 4 simulated (18)F-FDG PET studies(More)
A fully automated magnetic resonance (MR) segmentation method for identification and volume measurement of demyelinated white matter has been developed. Spin-echo MR brain scans were performed in 38 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and in 46 healthy subjects. Segmentation of normal tissues and white matter lesions (WML) was obtained, based on their(More)
Global grey matter (GM) loss has been reported in multiple sclerosis (MS). We addressed the question of if and where GM loss is localized by means of optimized voxel-based morphometry, applied to MRI studies of 51 patients with clinically defined relapsing-remitting MS and 34 age-matched normal subjects, segmented into normal and abnormal brain tissues(More)
A method for postprocessing of segmented routine brain MRI studies providing automated definition of major structures (frontal, parietal, occipital, and temporal lobes; cerebellar hemispheres; and lateral ventricles) according to the Talairach atlas is presented. The method was applied to MRI studies from 25 normal subjects (NV), 14 patients with deficit(More)
Segmentation (tissue classification) of medical images obtained from a magnetic resonance (MR) system is a primary step in most applications of medical image post-processing. This paper describes nonparametric discriminant analysis methods to segment multispectral MR images of the brain. Starting from routinely available spin-lattice relaxation time,(More)
Characteristic patterns of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) reduction, as detected by technetium-99m hexamethylpropylene amine oxime ((99m)Tc-HMPAO) single-photon emission tomography (SPET), may help clinicians in differentiating patients with frontotemporal dementia (FTD) from those with Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, in some cases these patients(More)
A new technique for simultaneous display of multiple MR parameters with a single color-coded image is described. The method is based on the multiparametric nature of MR signals and benefits from the physiologic ability to discriminate color levels better than gray levels. The T1 and T2 relaxation rate maps are first obtained from multi-echo SE and partial(More)
Blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability to [68Ga]EDTA was measured by positron emission tomography (PET) in four normal volunteers and in 11 patients with brain tumors. A unidirectional transfer constant, Ki, was calculated applying multiple-time graphical analysis (MTGA). This method allows the detection of backflux from brain to blood and, by(More)
BACKGROUND Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) techniques provided evidences into the understanding of cognitive impairment (CIm) in Multiple Sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVES To investigate the role of white matter (WM) and gray matter (GM) in predicting long-term CIm in a cohort of MS patients. METHODS 303 out of 597 patients participating in a previous(More)
A magnetic resonance (MR) image processing technique that uses a single color image for simultaneous presentation of spin-echo information and its application to MR studies of the brain is described. Relaxation rate and proton-density maps were calculated from 160 brain MR studies performed at 1.5 and 1.0 T with standard spin-echo sequences. Maps were fused(More)