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BACKGROUND Ultrasound speckle tracking from grey scale images allows the assessment of regional strain derived from 2D regardless of angle intonation, and it is highly reproducible. The study aimed to evaluate regional left ventricular functional reserve in elite soccer players. METHODS 50 subjects (25 elite athletes and 25 sedentary controls), aged 26(More)
SUMMARY BACKGROUND Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) may be an adaptative remodelling process induced by physical training, or result from pathological stimuli. We hypothesized that different LVH aetiology could lead to dissimilar spatial distribution left ventricular (LV) contraction, and compared different components of LV contraction using 2-dimensional(More)
BACKGROUND Myocardial contractility can be investigated using longitudinal peak strain. It can be calculated using the Doppler-derived TDI method and the non-Doppler method based on tissue tracking on B-mode images. Both are validated and show good reproducibility, but no comparative analysis of their results has yet been conducted. This study analyzes the(More)
It is well known that one of the most evident effects of prolonged and intense physical training is an increase of left ventricular mass. This increase could have a great influence on the diastolic properties of the heart, which can now be accurately evaluated by use of pulsed- and continuous-wave of Doppler echocardiography. The aim of this study was to(More)
BACKGROUND Transthoracic echocardiography left ventricular wall thickness is often increased in master athletes and it results by intense physical training. Left Ventricular Hypertrophy can also be due to a constant pressure overload. Conventional Pulsed Wave (PW) Doppler analysis of diastolic function sometimes fails to distinguish physiological from(More)
AIMS Longitudinal peak systolic strain (LPSS) quantifies regional and global heart function. Few data are available on left ventricle (LV) performance in young athletes with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV), where a pattern of mild aortic insufficiency is relatively frequent, and the ejection fraction (EF) is often normal for a long time. We report the(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the improvement of pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) non-invasively assessed with tissue Doppler imaging is able to predict prognosis and cardiac-related mortality in patients with heart failure (HF), as previously demonstrated for NT-proBNP. METHODS We prospectively studied 23(More)
The aim of this study was to establish the existence of primary acromegalic cardiomyopathy different from the cardiovascular complications often associated with acromegaly. Thirty-four acromegalic patients, referred to our non-invasive laboratory and divided into two groups on the basis of the presence of hypertension, underwent echocardiographic studies. A(More)
The feasibility of two-dimensional echocardiographic visualization of the coronary artery was re-evaluated in adults in the light of technological advances and development of new imaging planes. Athletes are a good model for this type of study. The aim of our study was to visualize in athletes the coronary arteries, particularly the left main artery, and to(More)
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